Advertisement

Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 199–214 | Cite as

European Contribution to Human Aspect Investigations for Future Planetary Habitat Definition Studies: Field Tests at MDRS on Crew Time Utilisation and Habitat Interfaces

  • Vladimir Pletser
  • Bernard Foing
Original Article

Abstract

Human factors are a dominant aspect in space missions, which may strongly influence work results and efficiency. To assess their impact on future long term space missions and to attempt a general quantification, the environmental and technical conditions to which astronauts may be confronted need to be reproduced as closely as possible. Among the stressors that occur during space missions, limited resources, limited social interactions, long term living and working in confined and isolated areas are among the most important for future planetary exploration. The European Space Agency (ESA) has a strong interest in obtaining data and insights in human aspects to prepare for future studies on the definition of future Lunar and Martian planetary habitats. In this frame, ESA’s Directorate of Human Space Flight was associated to the EuroGeoMars campaign conducted by the Crews 76 and 77 in February 2009 in The Mars Society’s ‘Mars Desert Research Station’ (MDRS) in the Desert of Utah. The EuroGeoMars Campaign lasted 5 weeks and encompassed two groups of experiments, on human crew related aspects and field experiments in geology, biology and astronomy/astrophysics. The human crew related aspects covered (1) crew time organization in a planetary habitat, (2) an evaluation of the different functions and interfaces of this habitat, (3) an evaluation of man–machine interfaces of science and technical equipment. Several forms and questionnaires were filled in by all crew members: time and location evaluation sheets and two series of questionnaires. In addition, the crew participated in another on-going food study where the type of food was imposed and crew impressions were collected via questionnaires. The paper recalls the objectives of the human crew related experiments of the EuroGeoMars project and presents the first results of these field investigations. Some recommendations and lessons learnt will be presented and used as first inputs for future planetary habitat definition studies.

Keywords

Mars mission Human aspects Time organization Planetary base 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Boche-Sauvan, L.: Lunar outpost pre-design: Human aspects, Master Project BO-F09003, Arts et Métiers ParisTech–GeorgiaTech (2009)Google Scholar
  2. Boche-Sauvan, L., Pletser, V., Foing, B.H., EuroGeoMars Crew: Human interfaces study: Framework and first results, European Geosciences Union, General Assembly 2009—Vienna (2009a)Google Scholar
  3. Boche-Sauvan, L., Pletser, V., Foing, B.H., EuroGeoMars Crew: Human aspects study through industrial methods during an MDRS mission. NASA Lunar Science Institute—Ames Research Center (2009b)Google Scholar
  4. Boche-Sauvan, L., Pletser, V., Foing, B.H., EuroGeoMars team: Human aspects and habitat studies from EuroGeoMars campaign. Geophys. Res. Abstr. 11, EGU2009-13323 (2009c)Google Scholar
  5. Borst, A., Peters, S., Foing, B.H., Stoker, C., Wendt, L., Gross, C., Zhavaleta, J., Sarrazin, P., Blake, D., Ehrenfreund, P., Boche-Sauvan, L., Page, J., McKay, C., Batenburg, P., Drijkoningen, G., Slob, E., Poulakis, P., Visentin, G., Noroozi, A., Gill, E., Guglielmi, M., Freire, M., Walker, R., Sabbatini, M., Pletser, V., Monaghan, E., Ernst, R., Oosthoek, J., Mahapatra, P., Wills, D., Thiel, C., Lebreton, J.P., Zegers, T., Chicarro, A., Koschny, D., Vago, J., Svedhem, H., Davies, G., Westenberg, A., Edwards, J., ExoGeoLab team & EuroGeoMars team: Geochemistry of Utah Morrison formation from EuroGeoMars campaign. Int. Conf. Comparative Planetology: Venus–Earth–Mars. ESTEC, Noordwijk (2009)Google Scholar
  6. Clancey, W.J.: Participant observation of a mars surface habitat mission simulation. Habitation 11(1/2), 27–47 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ehrenfreund, P., Quinn, R., Martins, Z., Sephton, M., Peeters, Z., van Sluis, K., Foing, B.H., Orzechowska, G., Becker, L., Brucato, J., Grunthaner, F., Gross, C., Thiel, C., Wendt, L.: Terrestrial field research on organics and biomolecules at Mars Analog sites. Int. Conf. Comparative Planetology: Venus–Earth–Mars. ESTEC, Noordwijk (2009)Google Scholar
  8. Foing, B.H., Peters, S., Borst, A., Wendt, L., Gross, C., Stoker, C., Zhavaleta, J., Sarrazin, P., Blake, D., Ehrenfreund, P., Boche-Sauvan, L., Page, J., McKay, C., Batenburg, P., Drijkoningen, G., Slob, E., Poulakis, P., Visentin, G., Noroozi, A., Gill, E., Guglielmi, M., Freire, M., Walker, R., Pletser, V., Monaghan, E., Ernst, R., Oosthoek, J., Mahapatra, P., Wills, D., Thiel, C., Lebreton, J.P., Zegers, T., Chicarro, A., Koschny, D., Vago, J., Svedhem, H., Davies, G., Westenberg, A., Edwards, J., ExoGeoLab team & EuroGeoMars team: Geology and geochemistry highlights from EuroGeomars MDRS campaign. Int. Conf. Comparative Planetology: Venus–Earth–Mars. ESTEC, Noordwijk (2009a)Google Scholar
  9. Foing, B.H., Page, J., Poulakis, P., Visentin, G., Noroozi, A., Gill, E., Batenburg, P., Drijkoningen, G., Slob, E., Guglielmi, M., Freire, M., Walker, R., Sabbatini, M., Pletser, V., Monaghan, E., Boche-Sauvan, L., Ernst, R., Oosthoek, J., Peters, S., Borst, A., Mahapatra, P., Wills, D., Thiel, C., Wendt, L., Gross, C., Lebreton, J.P., Zegers, T., Stoker, C., Zhavaleta, J., Sarrazin, P., Blake, C., McKay, C., Ehrenfreund, P., Chicarro, A., Koschny, D., Vago, J., Svedhem, H., Davies, G., ExoGeoLab team & EuroGeoMars team: ExoGeoLab lander and rover instruments. Int. Conf. Comparative Planetology: Venus–Earth–Mars. ESTEC, Noordwijk (2009b)Google Scholar
  10. Hendrikse, J., Foing, B.H., Stoker, C., Zavaleta, J., Selch, F., Ehrenfreund, P., Wendt, L., Gross, C., Thiel, C., Peters, S., Borst, A., Sarrazin, P., Blake, D., Boche-Sauvan, L., Page, J., Pletser, V., Monaghan, E., Mahapatra, P., Wills, D., McKay, C., Davies, G., van Westrenen, W., Batenburg, P., Drijkoningen, G., Slob, E., Poulakis, P., Visentin, G., Noroozi, A., Gill, E., Guglielmi, M., Freire, M., Walker, R., ExoGeoLab team & EuroGeoMars team: Highlights from Remote Controlled Rover for EuroGeoMars MDRS Campaign. European Planetary Science Congress, EPSC Abstracts, vol. 4, (2009)Google Scholar
  11. Hoffman, S., Kaplan, D.: Exploration of Mars: the reference mission of the NASA Mars exploration study team. NASA SP 6107, Houston (1997)Google Scholar
  12. Horneck, G., Facius, R., Reichert, M., Rettberg, P., Seboldt, W., Manzey, D., Comet, B., Maillet, A., Preiss, H., Schauer, L., Dussap, C.G., Poughon, L., Belyavin, A., Reitz, G., Baumstark-Khan, C., Gerzer, R.: HUMEX, a study on the survivability and adaptation of humans to long-duration exploratory missions, part II Missions to Mars. Adv. Space. Res. 38–4, 752–759 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mahapatra P., Foing B., Nijman F., Page J., Noroozi A., ExoGeoLab team: A prototype instrumentation system for rover-based planetary geology. European Planetary Science Congress, EPSC Abstracts, vol. 4 (2009)Google Scholar
  14. Peters, S., Borst, A., Foing, B.H., Stoker, C., Kim, S., Wendt, L., Gross, C., Zhavaleta, J., Sarrazin, P., Blake, D., Ehrenfreund, P., Boche-Sauvan, L., Page, J., McKay, C., Batenburg, P., Drijkoningen, G., Slob, E., Poulakis, P., Visentin, G., Noroozi, A., Gill, E., Guglielmi, M., Freire, M., Walker, R., Sabbatini, M., Pletser, V., Monaghan, E., Ernst, R., Oosthoek, J., Mahapatra, P., Wills, D., Thiel, C., Petrova, D., Lebreton, J.P., Zegers, T., Chicarro, A., Koschny, D., Vago, J., Svedhem, H., Davies, G., Westenberg, A., Edwards, J., ExoGeoLab team and EuroGeoMars team: Alluvial fan EuroGeoMars observations and GPR measurements. Int. Conf. Comparative Planetology: Venus–Earth–Mars. ESTEC, Noordwijk (2009)Google Scholar
  15. Petitfils, E-A., Boche-Sauvan, L., Foing, B.H., Monaghan, E., EuroGeoMars Crews: Basic Mars Navigation System For Local Areas. EGU2009-13242-2, Geophysical Research Abstracts, vol. 11, EGU General Assembly (2009)Google Scholar
  16. Pletser, V.: Preliminary lessons learnt after the rotation of the first EuroGeoMars team—Crew 76. Technical Report HSF-UP/2009/113/VP. ESTEC, Noordwijk (2009)Google Scholar
  17. Pletser, V., Monaghan, E., Peters, S., Borst, A., Wills, D., Hendrikse, J.: Field reports of science and technology activities of the first EuroGeoMars team—Crew 76 at the Mars Desert Research Station, 1–14 February 2009, Report MDRS-76/FR-01, Mars Desert Research Station, The Mars Society (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Payloads and Platforms DivisionHuman Space Flight Directorate; ESA-ESTECNoordwijkThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Science and Robotic Exploration Directorate; ESA-ESTECNoordwijkThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations