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Microgravity Science and Technology

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

Effects of Clinorotation on Growth and Chlorophyll Content of Rice Seeds

  • Sagar Shankar Jagtap
  • Rupali B. Awhad
  • B. Santosh
  • Pandit B. Vidyasagar
Original Article

Abstract

Microgravity, as a different environment, has been shown to affect plant growth and development (Sievers et al. 1996; Sack 1997). In the present study, effects of slow clinorotation (2 rpm) on growth and chlorophyll content in rice (variety: PRH-10) seedlings were investigated. Rice seeds were clinorotated continuously for 3, 5 and 7 days under ambient conditions. Root and shoot lengths and weights of rice seedlings were measured on the third, fifth and seventh day. Chlorophyll was extracted using N, N-Dimethylformamide (DMF). Absorption and fluorescence spectra of chlorophyll were recorded. Chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll contents were calculated from absorption spectra using Arnon’s method. Results showed an increase in root and shoot lengths in clinorotated samples. Similar results were obtained for root and shoot weights. Absorption spectra of chlorophyll showed no shift in the absorption peaks. Chlorophyll content was increased in clinorotated samples as compared to the controls. Interestingly, the difference between chlorophyll content in control and clinorotated samples decreased as the number of days of clinorotation increased. Chlorophyll a/b ratio was lowered in clinorotated samples as compared to the controls. These results suggest that slow clinorotation (2 rpm) affects plant growth and chlorophyll content in rice seedlings.

Keywords

Clinorotation Microgravity Rice Absorbance Fluorescence Chlorophyll content 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sagar Shankar Jagtap
    • 1
  • Rupali B. Awhad
    • 1
  • B. Santosh
    • 1
  • Pandit B. Vidyasagar
    • 1
  1. 1.Biophysics Laboratory, Department of PhysicsUniversity of PunePuneIndia

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