Journal of Micro-Bio Robotics

, Volume 14, Issue 3–4, pp 51–57 | Cite as

Multimodal microscopy test standard for scanning microwave, electron, force and optical microscopy

  • Olaf C. Haenssler
  • M. F. Wieghaus
  • A. Kostopoulos
  • G. Doundoulakis
  • E. Aperathitis
  • S. Fatikow
  • G. Kiriakidis
Research Paper


We report on measurement results of a test standard suitable for different microscopic modalities. These findings were obtained by a multimodal hybrid microscope, which requires various calibration methods, also in terms of its further use as a tool in a nanorobotic environment. A Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM)-Controller based on an FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) enables the submicrometer imaging for atomic force and microwave microscopic modalities. It is embedded in an open source software framework for nanorobotics and -automation and is described in this report.


SMM SEM Control Robotics Micro capacitances Correlative microscopy Nanoautomation Visual servoing 



This research was supported in part by Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD, Germany) and Greek State Scholarships Foundation (IKY, Greece) project “CalSAS” and by the French-German Agence Nationale de la recherché - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft project “VACSMM” (GZ: FA347/48-1).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OldenburgOldenburgGermany
  2. 2.Institut d’Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie, CNRS UMR 8520University of LilleVilleneuve d’AscqFrance
  3. 3.Foundation for Research and TechnologyInstitute of Electronic Structure & Laser (IESL)CreteGreece
  4. 4.University of CreteCreteGreece

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