Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Bionic design in anti-bending and lightweight tube based on the tarsometatarsus of ostrich

  • 7 Accesses

Abstract

When ostrich (Struthio camelus) runs, its tarsometatarsus swings at a high frequency and has a small mass but can carry the weight of the whole body, which is enough to indicate that tarsometatarsus has the lightweight and anti-bending properties. The results of scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed that there were no significant differences in the microstructure of different locations of tarsometatarsus. The compression test was performed, and the average compressive strength of the specimens at each sampling location was obtained. The results showed that the compressive strength of the tarsometatarsus in inside and outside orientations is smaller than that in front and back orientations. Therefore, the superior load-carrying capacity of tarsometatarsus is related to its morphological structure. Based on the morphological and structural characteristics of ostrich tarsometatarsus, the bionic tube was designed, and three kinds of tubes were designed as the control. Further, the finite element analysis of the anti-bending property of the four tubes was performed under static load. The result indicated that the bionic tube had lower mass and higher specific stiffness structural efficiency, and the result of the simulation was verified by the cantilever compression test.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15

References

  1. Abourachid A, Renous S (2010) Bipedal locomotion in ratites (paleognatiform): examples of cursorial birds. Ibis 142(4):538–549

  2. Alexander MN (1985) The legs of ostriches (struthio) and moas (pachyornis). Acta Biotheor 34(2):165–174

  3. Alexander RM, Maloiy GMO, Njau R, Jayes AS (1979) Mechanics of running of the ostrich (Struthio camelus). J Zool 187(2):169–178

  4. Alper T, Fulya AE, Erkan G, Firat T, Atacan Y, Selim S (2018) Crushing behavior and energy absorption performance of a bio-inspired metallic structure: experimental and numerical study. Thin Wall Struct 131:547–555

  5. Biknevicius AR (1993) Biomechanical scaling of limb bones and differential limb use in caviomorph rodents. J Mammal 74(1):95–107

  6. Carter DR, Wong M, Orr TE (1991) Musculoskeletal ontogeny, phylogeny, and functional adaptation. J Biomech 24(supp-S1):3–16

  7. Cowgill LW, Warrener A, Pontzer H, Ocobock C (2010) Waddling and toddling: the biomechanical effects of an immature gait. Am J Phys Anthropol 143(1):52–61

  8. Cristofolini L, Angeli E, Juszczyk JM (2013) Shape and function of the diaphysis of the human tibia. J Biomech 46(11):1882–1892

  9. Cubo J, Casinos A (1998) Biomechanical significance of cross-sectional geometry of avian long bones. Eur J Morphol 36(1):19

  10. Demes B, Jungers WL (1993) Long bone cross-sectional dimensions, locomotor adaptations and body size in prosimian primates. J Hum Evol 25(1):57–74

  11. Gangl D, Weissengruber GE, Egerbacher M, Forstenpointner G (2004) Anatomical description of the muscles of the pelvic limb in the ostrich (Struthio camelus). Anat Histol Embryol 33(2):100–114

  12. Gilbert MM, Snively E, Cotton J (2016) The tarsometatarsus of the ostrich struthio camelus: anatomy, bone densities, and structural mechanics. PLoS One 11(3):e0149708

  13. Gosman JH, Hubbell ZR, Shaw CN, Ryan TM (2013) Development of cortical bone geometry in the human femoral and tibial diaphysis. Anat Record 296(5):774–787

  14. Hutchinson JR, Rankin JW, Rubenson J, Rosenbluth KH, Siston RA, Delp SL (2015) Musculoskeletal modeling of an ostrich (Struthio camelus) pelvic limb: influence of limb orientation on muscular capacity during locomotion. Peerj 3(e1001):12

  15. Maidment SCR, Linton DH, Upchurch P, Barrett PM (2012) Limb-bone scaling indicates diverse stance and gait in quadrupedal ornithischian dinosaurs. PLoS One 7(5):e36904

  16. Meulen MCHVD, Carter DR (1995) Developmental mechanics determine long bone allometry. J Theor Biol 172(4):323–327

  17. Michael D, Alessandro AF, Melissa YC, Kalyani L, Michał MK, John RH, Sandra JS (2018) Limb bone scaling in hopping macropods and quadrupedal artiodactyls. R Soc Open Sci 5(10):2054–5703

  18. Regnault S, Allen VR, Chadwick KP, Hutchinson JR (2017) Analysis of the moment arms and kinematics of ostrich (Struthio camelus) double patellar sesamoids. J Exp Zool 327:163–171

  19. Rocha-Barbosa O, Casinos A (2011) Geometry and evolutionary parallelism in the long bones of cavioid rodents and small artiodactyls. J Biosciences 36(5):887–895

  20. Rubenson J, Lloyd DG, Besier TF, Heliams DB, Fournier PA (2007) Running in ostriches (Struthio camelus): three-dimensional joint axes alignment and joint kinematics. J Exp Biol 210(4):2548–2562

  21. Rubenson J, Lloyd DG, Heliams DB, Besier TF, Fournier PA (2011) Adaptations for economical bipedal running: the effect of limb structure on three-dimensional joint mechanics. J R Soc Interface 8(58):740–755

  22. Ruff CB (2005) Mechanical determinants of bone form: insights from skeletal remains. J Musculoskel Neuron 5(3):202–212

  23. Ruff CB, Walker A, Trinkaus E (1994) Postcranial robusticity in homo. III: ontogeny. Am J Phys Anthropol 93(1):35–54

  24. Schaller NU, Herkner B, Villa R, Aerts P (2009) The intertarsal joint of the ostrich (Struthio camelus): anatomical examination and function of passive structures in locomotion. J Anat 214(6):830–847

  25. Shackelford L, Marshall F, Peters J (2013) Identifying donkey domestication through changes in cross-sectional geometry of long bones. J Archaeol Sci 40(12):4170–4179

  26. Smith SL, Buschang PH (2004) Variation in longitudinal diaphyseal long bone growth in children three to ten years of age. Am J Hum Biol 16(6):648–657

  27. Van DMMCH, Beaupré GS, Carter DR (1993) Mechanobiologic influences in long bone cross-sectional growth. Bone 14(4):635–642

  28. Wang S, Ren L, Liu Y, Han Z, Yang Y (2010) Mechanical characteristics of typical plant leaves. J Bionic Eng 7(3):294–300

  29. Xiao Y, Yin H, Fang H, Wen G (2016) Crashworthiness design of horsetail-bionic thin-walled structures under axial dynamic loading. Int J Mech Mater Des 12(4):563–576

  30. Yang Y, Chen W, Zhao D (2008) Bionic design of column structure of machine tool for high specific stiffness. J Beijing U Aeronaut Astronaut 34(9):991–994

  31. Zhang Y, Wu H, Yu X, Chen F, Wu J (2012) Microscopic observations of the lotus leaf for explaining the outstanding mechanical properties. J Bionic Eng 9(1):84–90

  32. Zhao L, Chen W, Ma J, Yang Y (2008) Structural bionic design and experimental verification of a machine tool column. J Bionic Eng 5(08):46–52

  33. Zou M, Xu S, Wei C, Wang H, Liu Z (2016) A bionic method for the crashworthiness design of thin-walled structures inspired by bamboo. Thin Wall Struct 101:222–230

Download references

Acknowledgements

We thank the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51675221, 91748211), the Science and Technology Development Planning Project of Jilin Province of China (No. 20180101077JC), the Science and Technology Research Project in the 13th Five-Year Period of Education Department of Jilin Province (No. JJKH20190134KJ), and the Graduate Innovation Fund of Jilin University (No. 101832018C006).

Author information

Correspondence to Rui Zhang or Lige Wen.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhang, R., Pang, H., Han, D. et al. Bionic design in anti-bending and lightweight tube based on the tarsometatarsus of ostrich. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12210-020-00876-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Ostrich tarsometatarsus
  • High anti-bending and lightweight properties
  • Morphological structure
  • Bionic tube