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Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 767–773 | Cite as

Genotypic identification of ochratoxigenic Aspergilli that contaminated beef luncheon and their protease activity

  • Mohamed A. HusseinEmail author
  • Youssuf Gherbawy
Article
  • 44 Downloads

Abstract

Twenty-six fungal species belonging to 10 genera were collected from 40 beef luncheon samples marketed in the Qena city on Czapek–Dox agar at 28 °C. A. section Nigri and A. flavus were the most prevalent species among isolated fungi; they were contaminating 65% and 50% of the luncheon samples. According to the phylogenetic analysis using β-tubulin gene, the selected A. section Nigri was identified as A. niger and A. tubingensis. All selected isolates belonging to A. niger and A. tubingensis showed positive results for the presence of the PKS gene. Using VICAM fluorometer, the average level of ochratoxin A was found to range from 4.1 to 7.1 and 4.6 to 8.2 ppm for A. tubingensis and A. niger, respectively. All Aspergillus section Nigri isolates were protease producers except two isolates belonging to A. tubingensis. A significant difference was observed in protease production between A. tubingensis and A. niger (P = 0.005); the most active protease producers were AnL 12 and 19 (A. niger) and AtL 3 and 4 (A. tubingensis) were weak producers.

Keywords

Luncheon Aspergillus section Nigri Phylogenetic analyses Ochratoxin A Protease 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceSouth Valley UniversityQenaEgypt

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