Advertisement

Rendiconti Lincei. Scienze Fisiche e Naturali

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 723–734 | Cite as

Evaluation of soil quality index to assess the influence of soil degradation and desertification process in sub-arid terrestrial ecosystem

  • Ali İmamogluEmail author
  • Orhan Dengiz
Article
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

Desertification is the process of land degradation resulting from the mutual interactions of physical, biological, political, social, economic and cultural factors with climatic changes. Desertification is considered to be the last stage of land degradation. In recent years, various studies have been carried out to reveal effective natural and human factors on desertification. Important one of the parameters commonly used in these studies is the soil quality index. Soil quality refers to the soil’s capacity to function. Soil quality index cannot be measured directly; it is obtained by combining some physical, chemical and biological soil properties in a spatial sense. In this study, the relationship between some soil criteria and desertification has been discussed and evaluated. The research area covers the boundaries of the Kalecik district of Ankara and covers 116,000 ha. The study area consists of different geomorphological units and has semi-arid climate characteristics. In this study erosion risk, soil depth, texture, organic matter content, soil reaction, main material, drainage, salinization and alkalization, lime content and soil pollution of the soils of the research area were examined, and classified by analytic hierarchy process method according to their degree of weight and assembled in geographic information systems environment in layer logic. As a result of analysis, soil quality map was obtained from the viewpoint of land degradation and desertification based on soil and land characteristics of the study area. According to the obtained result soil quality is determined: 39.2% of the study area as low, 54.5% as medium, and 6.2% as high.

Keywords

Land degradation and desertification Soil quality assessment Sub-arid fragile environment Climate change 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Agır SU, Kutbay HG, Surmen B, Elmas E (2017) The effects of erosion and accretion on plant communities in coastal dunes in north of Turkey. Rend Fis Acc Lincei 28:203–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atalay İ (2006) Toprak oluşumu, sınıflandırılması ve coğrafyası. Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı AGM Yayınları İzmir (in Turkish) Google Scholar
  3. Bahreini F, Pahlavanravi A (2013) Assess and mapping the environmental sensitivity to desertification (a case study in Boushehr Province, Southwest IRAN). Int J Agric Crop Sci 5(18):2172–2183Google Scholar
  4. Benabderrahmane MC, Chenchouni H (2010) Assessing environmental sensitivity areas to desertification in Eastern Algeria using Mediterranean desertification and land use “MEDALUS” model. Int J Sustain Water Environ Syst 1:5–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Çelik A, Sakin E (2017) Comparing surface carbon concentrations and some parameters of the soils on which medicinal and aromatic plants grow. Appl Ecol Environ Res 15(3):1057–1168Google Scholar
  6. De Pina Tavares J, Baptista I, Ferreira AJD, Amiotte-Suchet P, Coelha C, Gomes S, Amoros R, Dos Reis EA, Mendes AF, Costa L, Bentub J, Varela L. 2015. Assessment and mapping of desertification sensitivity in an insular sahelian mountain region–case study of the Ribeira Seca Watershed, Cape Verde. Catena, 128; 214–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Doran JW, Parkin TB (1994) Defining and assessing soil quality. In: Doran JW et al (eds) Defining soil quality for sustainable environment. SSSA Special Publications 35, Madison, pp 3–22Google Scholar
  8. Eastman JR (2006) Idrisi andes guide to GIS and image processing. Clark Labs, Clark University, WorcesterGoogle Scholar
  9. Hacısalihoğlu S, Mısır M, Mısır N, Yücesan Z, Oktan E, Gümüş S, Kezik U (2017) The effects of land use change on soil loss and carbon stock amounts. Fresenius Environ Bull 26:1–13Google Scholar
  10. Hill J (2005) LADAMER: land and soil degradation assessments in Mediterranean Europe. European Commission Community Research, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  11. Issaka S, Ashraf MA (2017) Impact of soil erosion and degradation on water quality: a review. Geol Ecol Landsc.  https://doi.org/10.1080/24749508.2017.1301053 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kanber R, Ünlü M (2008) Irrigation and drainage problems of Turkey. V. Dünya Su Forumu Bölgesel Hazırlık Süreci, DSI Yurtiçi Bölgesel Su Toplantıları, Sulama—Drenaj Konferansı, Bildiri Kitabı, 10–11 Nisan 2008, AdanaGoogle Scholar
  13. Karaoğlu M, Yalçın AM (2018) Soil salinity and Iğdır plain case. J Agric 1:27–41Google Scholar
  14. Karlen DL, Mausbach MJ, Doran JW, Cline RG, Harris RF, Schuman GE (1997) Soil quality: a concept, definition, and framework for evaluation. Soil Sci Soc Am J 61:4–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Karagöz A, Doğan O, Erpul G, Dengiz O, Sönmez B, Tekeli İ, Saygın SD, Madenoğlu S (2015) Assessment of land degradation, desertification and drough effects in Turkey scale. Türkiye Ziraat Mühendisliği VIII. Teknik Kongresi; 12–16 Ocak 2015; Ankara, TürkiyeGoogle Scholar
  16. Koralay N, Kara O, Kezik U (2018) Effects of run-of-the-river hydropower plants on the surface water quality in the Solakli stream watershed, Northeastern Turkey. Water Environ J 1:1.  https://doi.org/10.1111/wej.12338 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kosmas C, Kirkby M, Geeson N (1999) The Medalus project Mediterranean desertification and land use, manual on key indicators of desertification and mapping environmentally sensitive areas to desertification. European Commission Community Research Brussels, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  18. Lahaoi H, Rhinane H, Hilali A, Lahssini S, Moukrim S (2017) Desertification assessment using MEDALUS model in watershed Oued El Maleh, Morocco. Geosciences 7:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lavado Contador JF, Schnabel S, Gómez Gutiérrez A, Pulido Fernández M (2009) Mapping sensitivity to land degradation in Extremadura, SW Spain. Land Degrad Dev 20:129–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mater B (1998) Soil geography. İstanbul Çantay Kitapevi, İstanbulGoogle Scholar
  21. Mendez RV, Ramos EV, Oleschko K, Hernandez-Sandoval L, Dominguez-Cartazar MA (2011) Soil erosion processes in semiarid areas: the importance of native vegetation. In: Godone D (ed) Soil erosion studies. Chapter: 2. In Tech, New York, pp 25–40Google Scholar
  22. Owuor SO, Butterbach-Bahl K, Guzha C, Jacobs S, Merbold L, Rufino C, Pelster E, Díaz-Pinés E, Breuer L (2018) Conversion of natural forest results in a significant degradation of soil hydraulic properties in the highlands of Kenya. Soil Tillage Res 176:36–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Raiesi F (2017) A minimum data set and soil quality index to quantify the effect of land use conversion on soil quality and degradation in native rangelands of upland arid and semiarid regions. Ecol Indic 75:307–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Romano G, Sasso Dal P, Liuzzi GT, Gentile F (2015) Multi-criteria decision analysis for land suitability mapping in a rural area of Southern Italy. Land Use Policy 48:131–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sepher A, Hassanli AM, Ekhtesasi MR, Jamali JB (2007) Quantitative assessment of desertification in south of Iran using MEDALUS method. Environ Monit Assess 134:243–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shukla MK, Lal R, Ebinger M (2006) Determining soil quality indicators by factor analysis. Soil Tillage Res 87:194–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. TMS (2018) Turkish Meteorological Service. https://www.mgm.gov.tr/FILES/iklim/iklim_siniflandirmalari/Thornthwaite.pdf. Accessed 16 Oct 2018
  28. Türkeş M (2012) The Turkey observed and projected climate change, drought and desertificatione. Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi 4(2):1–32Google Scholar
  29. Turkey Desertification Model (2017) The development of watershed project monitoring and evaluation program, Turkey Desertification Model Report, Project Code: G555000Google Scholar
  30. Van Wambeke AR (2000) The Newhall Simulation Model for estimating soil moisture and temperature regimes. Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  31. Vasu D, Singh SK, Ray SK, Duraisami VP, Tiwary P, Chandran P, Anantwar SG (2016) Soil quality index (SQI) as a tool to evaluate crop productivity in semi-arid Deccan plateau India. Geoderma 282:70–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Welde K, Gebremariam B (2017) Effect of land use land cover dynamics on hydrological response of watershed: Case study of Tekeze Dam watershed, northern Ethiopia. Int Soil Water Conserv Res 5:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geography Department, Faculty Art and ScienceNevşehir Hacıbektaş Veli UniversityNevşehirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science Samsun, Agricultural FacultyOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey

Personalised recommendations