Advertisement

First survey on the occurrence of chlorinated solvents in groundwater of eastern sector of Rome

  • F. La VignaEmail author
  • C. Sbarbati
  • I. Bonfà
  • S. Martelli
  • L. Ticconi
  • L. Aleotti
  • A. Covarelli
  • M. Petitta
Foreseeing Groundwater Resources
  • 28 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Foreseeing Groundwater Resources

Abstract

Groundwater pollution by chlorinated compounds is one of the most common environmental issues affecting urban areas, especially for those with a huge industrial vocation. Even if Rome is not an industrial city, this kind of contamination has been recently started to be detected in the groundwater. In order to better evaluate the presence and distribution of chlorinated solvents in groundwater in the eastern sector of Rome, a sampling survey in the monitoring network of the city has been conducted. First preliminary results, deriving from samples collected in wells mainly located in public green areas in a previous investigation survey, seem to show how the species tetrachloroethylene, trichlorethylene and all their degradation pathway can be associated more with point source of contamination with locally very high concentration values. On the contrary, the detection of trichloromethane and 1,1,2-trichloroethane, which have been found in the new data collection at low concentration in several of the investigated wells, could suggest a diffuse occurrence of these compounds. Unfortunately, even if the presented results represent a good starting point for further evaluations, the preliminary status of this research cannot allow to clearly understand the source of contamination and declare the possible diffusion of these two compounds.

Keywords

TCE PCE Trichloromethane 1,1,2-Trichloroethane Urban groundwater 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. ACEA ATO2 (Water Supply Company of Rome) (2018) Sospesi i prelievi dal lago di bracciano da circa 8 mesi (Witdrawals from Bracciano Lake Suspended since 8 months), Press Release 30/3/2018Google Scholar
  2. Alberti L, Colombo L, Formentin G (2017) A comparison between two stochastic approaches to assess groundwater PCE diffuse pollution in Milano functional urban area. In: Proceedings of flowpath 2017 national meeting on hydrogeology, CagliariGoogle Scholar
  3. APHA, Awwa, WEF (2012) Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater, vol 22. American Public Health Association, Washington, p 1360Google Scholar
  4. Balderacchi M, Filippini M, Gemitzi A, Klöve B, Petitta M, Trevisan M, Wachniew P, Witczak S, Gargini A (2014) Does groundwater protection in Europe require new EU-wide environmental quality standards. Front Chem.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2014.00032 Google Scholar
  5. Beretta GP, Avanzini M, Marangoni T, Burini M, Schirò G, Terrenghi J, Vacca G (2018) Groundwater modeling of the withdrawal sustainability of Cannara artesian aquifer (Umbria, Italy). Acque Sotterr It J Groundw 7(3):47–60.  https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2018-333 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonfà I, La Vigna F, Martelli S, Ticconi L (2017) Environmental issues due to organohalogenated compounds diffuse pollution in groundwater. Emerging issue in the Roman area? It J Groundw 6:2/148.  https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2017-280 Google Scholar
  7. Bradbury KR, Gotkowitz MB, Hart DJ, Eaton TT, Cherry JA, Parker BL, Borchardt MA (2007) Contaminant transport through aquitards: technical guidance for aquitard assessment. Report 91133B. American Water Works Research Foundation, Denver, p 170Google Scholar
  8. Busoni S, Gnocchi A (2013) Problematiche nella contaminazione delle falde da solventi clorurati. Esperienze in Provincia di Treviso. La bonifica dei siti contaminati in Regione del Veneto. Padova, 22 Marzo 2013Google Scholar
  9. Colombo L (2017) Statistical methods and transport modeling to assess PCE hotspots and diffuse pollution in groundwater (Milan FUA). Acque Sotterr It J Groundw.  https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2017-301 Google Scholar
  10. Conti N, Salvadori R, Aiello M (2014) Dewatering e bonifica dell’ area ˝ex Whitehead Motofides” (Pisa, Italia). Acque Sotterr It J Groundw.  https://doi.org/10.7343/as-093-14-0120 Google Scholar
  11. Ellis B (1999) Impacts of urban growth on surface water and groundwater quality. IAHS No. 259, IAHS, Wallingford, UK, 437 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Ellis JB, Revitt DM (2002) Sewer losses and interactions with groundwater quality. Water Sci Technol 45(3):195–202.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2002.0079 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fan X, Sokorai KJ (2015) Formation of trichloromethane in chlorinated water and fresh-cut produce and as a result of reaction with citric acid. Postharvest Biol Technol 109:65–72.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.06.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Filippini M (2017) Migration of chlorinated hydrocarbons in multilayer unconsolidated porous media: a case study from the Po Plain, Italy. Acque Sotter It J Groundw.  https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2017-305 Google Scholar
  15. Guzzella L, Salerno F, Ravelli S, D’ambrosio G (2009) Lo stato qualitativo dei corpi idrici sotterranei in Provincia Di Milano: Rapporto Finale. Rapporto Di Ricerca Irsa-Cnr/Provincia Di Milano-107 PP., Brugherio, Milano-Ed. IRSA-CNRGoogle Scholar
  16. Howard KWF (2002) Urban groundwater issues an introduction. Current problems of hydrogeology in urban areas, urban agglomerates and industrial centres. Springer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. La Vigna F, Mazza R (eds) (2015) Carta Idrogeologica di Roma: hydrogeological map of Rome scala/scale 1:50.000. Roma CapitaleGoogle Scholar
  18. La Vigna F, Bonfà I, Martelli S (2014) La determinazione dei valori di fondo naturale ed antropico nelle acque sotterranee dei grandi agglomerati urbani. Acque Sotterr It J Groundw 3:2/136.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.01.044 Google Scholar
  19. La Vigna F, Bonfà I, Martelli S (2015) The groundwater monitoring network of Rome. AQUA2015 Hydrogeology back to the future! 42° IAH Congress, Rome 13–18 SeptemberGoogle Scholar
  20. Luberti GM, Marra F, Florindo F (2017) A review of the stratigraphy of Rome (Italy) according to geochronologically and paleomagnetically constrained aggradational successions, glacio-eustatic forcing and volcano-tectonic processes. Q Int.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.01.044 Google Scholar
  21. Menichetti S, Doni A (2017) Organohalogen diffuse contamination in Firenze and Prato groundwater bodies Investigative monitoring and definition of background values. Acque Sotterr It J Groundw 6:1/147.  https://doi.org/10.7343/as-2017-260 Google Scholar
  22. Munson AE, Sain LE, Sanders VM, Kauffmann BM, White KL, Page DG, Borzelleca JF (1982) Toxicology of organic drinking water contaminants: trichloromethane, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and tribromomethane. Environ Health Perspect 46:117–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nigro A, Sappa G, Barbieri M (2016) Application of boron and tritium isotopes for tracing landfill contamination in groundwater. J Geochem Explor 172:101–108.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2016.10.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pankow JF, Cherry JA (1996) Dense chlorinated solvents and other DNAPLs in groundwater. Waterloo Press, WaterlooGoogle Scholar
  25. Pedretti D, Masetti M, Beretta GP, Vitiello M (2013) A revised conceptual model to reproduce the distribution of chlorinated solvents in the Rho Aquifer (Italy). Groundw Monit R 33:69–77.  https://doi.org/10.1111/gwmr.12017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Petitta M, Pacioni E, Sbarbati C, Corvatta G, Fanelli M, Aravena R (2013) Hydrodynamic and isotopic characterization of a site contaminated by chlorinated solvents: Chienti River Valley, central Italy. Appl Geochem 32:164–174.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2012.09.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Preziosi E, Giuliano G, Vivona R (2009) Natural background levels and threshold values derivation for naturally As, V and F rich groundwater bodies: a methodological case study in Central Italy. Environ Earth Sci.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-009-0404-y Google Scholar
  28. Shen C, Norris P, Williams O, Hagan S, Li K (2016) Generation of chlorine by-products in simulated wash water. Food Chem 190:97–102.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.04.146 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vanzetti C, Gianoglio N, Sesia E (2016) Studio sulla contaminazione diffusa da solventi clorurati nelle acque sotterranee. Struttura Specialistica Qualità delle Acque. Arpa Piemonte, PiemonteGoogle Scholar
  30. Verdini R, Majone M (2015) Presenza e comportamento dei Solventi Clorurati. In: Pinna P, Riva M (ed) Analisi e promozione di nuove tecnologie di bonifica e di caratterizzazione dei siti contaminati, Éupolis Lombardia CODICE: TER 13010/001Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento Tutela AmbientaleRoma CapitaleRomeItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento Scienze della TerraSapienza Università di RomaRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations