Darwin (1859) formulated a comprehensive explanation of evolution by natural selection, including a molecular theory of inheritance and the realization that novel adaptive traits could originate by environmental induction. While the twentieth century was the age of the gene in evolutionary biology, the twenty-first century promises to be the age of the environment: developmental genetics, alongside Mendelian transmission genetics, and a growing appreciation of environmental effects on organisms, represents a return to Darwin’s original view of how adaptive evolution works.
KeywordsGenetics Gene expression Adaptive evolution Genetic accommodation Novel traits Environmental change
For a more extensive treatment and references on these topics see:
- West-Eberhard MJ (2003) Developmental plasticity and evolution. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar