Transactions of Tianjin University

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 301–307 | Cite as

A Low-Cost and Easily Prepared Manganese Carbonate as an Efficient Catalyst for Aerobic Oxidation of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-Diformylfuran

  • Wei QiEmail author
  • Jie Fang
  • Zhenzhen Yang
  • Bingqi Li
  • Rongxin Su
  • Zhimin He
Research Article


A low-cost and easily prepared manganese carbonate (MnCO3) has been synthesized for catalytic conversion of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) to 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF). The properties and morphology of the manganese carbonate were measured by SEM, XRD, TGA, BET and XPS. In this method, no harsh reaction conditions were required, and it was a simple and green process for the oxidation of 5-HMF into DFF. To achieve an optimum DFF yield, different reaction conditions, including reaction temperature, reaction time, catalyst amount, and solvents were investigated. Results from the experiments indicated that the highest DFF yield of 86.9% was obtained at 120 °C under atmospheric oxygen pressure after 6 h. Finally, MnCO3 could be used at least five times with considerable stability.


5-Hydroxymethylfurfural 2,5-Diformylfuran Manganese carbonate Non-noble metal catalyst 



This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (No. 16JCYBJC19600), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21621004), and the Beiyang Young Scholar of Tianjin University (2012).

Supplementary material

12209_2018_120_MOESM1_ESM.doc (196 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 196 kb)


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Copyright information

© Tianjin University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Qi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jie Fang
    • 1
  • Zhenzhen Yang
    • 1
  • Bingqi Li
    • 1
  • Rongxin Su
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zhimin He
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin)TianjinChina
  3. 3.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Membrane Science and Desalination TechnologyTianjinChina

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