Transactions of Tianjin University

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 152–155 | Cite as

Molten salt synthesis of (K0.47Na0.47Li0.06)NbO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

  • Jianhua Li (李建华)
  • Qingchi Sun (孙清池)
  • Weibing Ma (马卫兵)


(K0.47Na0.47Li0.06)NbO3 (KNLN) lead-free ceramics were prepared by molten salt synthesis (MSS) method using k2CO3-Na2CO3 eutectic mixtures as the flux. The microstructure and piezoelectric properties when sintered at 980–1 030 °C were investigated. The calcined powders were examined by X-ray diffraction. The microstructure of the calcined powders and sintered bodies was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM).The piezoelectric constant d 33 was measured using a quasi-static piezoelectric d 33 meter. The planar coupling coefficient K p was calculated by resonance-antiresonance method. The experimental data for each sample’s performance indicators were the average values of 8 specimens. The relative densities of sintered specimens are above 97%, and the dielectric loss is below 0.03. It was found that (K0.47Na0.47Li0.06)NbO3 prepared by MSS is compact and lead-free. The piezoelectric constant d 33 is 216 pC·N−1 and the planar electromechanical coupling factor K p is 0.352.


microstructure piezoelectricity X-ray diffraction (XRD) MSS method 


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Copyright information

© Tianjin University and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianhua Li (李建华)
    • 1
  • Qingchi Sun (孙清池)
    • 1
  • Weibing Ma (马卫兵)
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Material Science and EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

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