Conducting Disability Evaluations with a Forensic Perspective: the Application of Criminal Responsibility Evaluation Guidelines
- 50 Downloads
Although the goals of disability and criminal responsibility evaluations differ greatly, both evaluations require determining whether an individual evidences genuine impairment that aligns with a legal definition and the extent to which mental health symptoms impact the individual’s functioning. Recommendations for how to conduct criminal responsibility evaluations often include a multi-step process for completing an objective evaluation that thoroughly addresses the clinical and legal issues at hand. Forensic recommendations also emphasize the need to evaluate the extent to which reported symptoms are genuine and how to determine whether the clinical presentation aligns with the legal standard at issue. This paper will illustrate how recommendations for conducting criminal responsibility evaluations can be applied to disability evaluations done to determine whether someone should receive accommodations under the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) to ensure a thorough assessment that addresses relevant clinical issues and legal standards.
KeywordsDisability evaluations Criminal responsibility evaluations Forensic assessment
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
No original empirical data were collected for this article.
No animal studies were carried out by the authors for this article.
- American Law Institute. (1985). Model penal code and annotations. Washington DC: Author.Google Scholar
- Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), 42 U. S. C. §§12101 et seq.Google Scholar
- Dvorsky, M. R., Langberg, J. M., Molitor, S. J., & Bourchtein, E. (2016). Clinical utility and predictive validity of parent and college student symptom ratings in predicting an ADHD diagnosis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72, 401–418. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22268.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Gutheil, T. G. (2002). Assessment of mental state at the time of the criminal offense. In R. I. Simon & D. W. Shuman (Eds.), Retrospective assessment of mental states in litigation (pp. 73–99). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing Inc..Google Scholar
- Heilbrun, K. (2001). Principles of forensic mental health assessment. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
- Heilbrun, K., NeMoyer, A., King, C., & Galloway, M. (2015). Using third-party information in forensic mental-health assessment: a critical review. Court Review, 51, 16–35.Google Scholar
- Langberg, J. M., Epstein, J. N., Simon, J. O., Loren, R. E. A., Arnold, L. E. Hechtman, L.,. . Wigal, T. (2010). Parent agreement on ratings of children’s attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and broadband externalizing behaviors. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 18, 41–50. https://doi.org/10.1177/1063426608330792.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Melton, G. B., Petrila, J., Poythress, N. G., Slobogin, C., Otto, R. K., Mossman, D., & Condie, L. O. (2018). Psychological evaluation for the courts: a handbook for mental health professionals and lawyers (4th ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Packer, I. K. (2013). Evaluation of criminal responsibility. In R. Roesch & P. A. Zapf (Eds.), Forensic assessment in criminal and civil law: a handbook for lawyers (pp. 32–46). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Physical or Mental Disease, Disorder, or Defect Excluding Penal Responsibility. HI Rev Stat § 704–400 (2013).Google Scholar
- Piechowski, L. D. (2013). Evaluation of workplace disability. In R. Roesch & P. A. Zapf (Eds.), Forensic assessment in criminal and civil law: a handbook for lawyers (pp. 191–204). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Reid, W. H. (2006). Sanity evaluations and criminal responsibility. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 2, 114–145.Google Scholar
- Resnick, P. J., West, S., & Payne, J. W. (2008). Malingering of posttraumatic disorders. In R. Rogers (Ed.), Clinical assessment of malingering and deception (5th ed., pp. 109–127). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Rogers, R., & Bender, S. D. (2018). Clinical assessment of malingering and deception (4th ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Rogers, R., Sewell, K. W., & Gillard, N. D. (2010). Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms (SIRS), 2nd Edition, professional manual. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.Google Scholar
- Simon, R. I. (2002). Retrospective assessment of mental states in criminal and civil litigation. In R. I. Simon & D. W. Shuman (Eds.), Retrospective assessment of mental states in litigation (pp. 1–20). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing Inc..Google Scholar
- Social Security Administration. (n.d.). Disability benefits. Retrieved from: https://www.ssa.gov/benefits/disability/