Psychological Injury and Law

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 62–85 | Cite as

The MMPI-2 Symptom Validity Scale (FBS) Is an Empirically Validated Measure of Overreporting in Personal Injury Litigants and Claimants: Reply to Butcher et al. (2008)

  • Yossef S. Ben-Porath
  • Kevin W. Greve
  • Kevin J. Bianchini
  • Paul M. Kaufmann


We address issues raised by Butcher et al. (Psychological Injury and the Law 1:191–209, 2008) in their critique of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Symptom Validity Scale (FBS) and show that their analyses and conclusions are based on faulty premises, a misunderstanding of basic concepts in the assessment of overreporting, a selective review of the literature and mischaracterization of the findings they do cite, problematic analyses of a dataset that had already been similarly analyzed, and a flawed analysis of a legal case they discuss. We complement the review of existing research with some new findings that provide further empirical support and clarification of current interpretive recommendations for proper use of the FBS in evaluations of personal injury litigants and claimants.



Yossef Ben-Porath is a paid consultant to the publisher of the MMPI instruments, the University of Minnesota Press, and their distributor, Pearson. He receives royalties on sales of the MMPI-2-RF.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yossef S. Ben-Porath
    • 1
  • Kevin W. Greve
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kevin J. Bianchini
    • 2
    • 3
  • Paul M. Kaufmann
    • 4
  1. 1.Kent State UniversityKentUSA
  2. 2.University of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Jefferson Neurobehavioral GroupMetairieUSA
  4. 4.University of NebraskaLincolnUSA

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