Characterization of ZrC reinforced AA6061 alloy composites produced using stir casting process

  • 3 Accesses


In the present study, effect of ZrC vol.% on mechanical properties of AA6061 metal matrix composites (MMCs) produced via stir casting technique was investigated. The vol.% of ZrC particles was varied as 5,10 and 15. The composites were characterized for its microstructure and mechanical properties and their relationships were obtained. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) images revealed uniform distribution and good bonding between the AA6061 alloy and the ZrC particles. The mechanical properties of the AA6061 alloy was found to significantly improve with the addition of ZrC particles from 5 to 15 vol.%, the hardness increased from 32 to 68 HV, yield strength increased from 50 to 86 MPa and the ultimate tensile strength increased from 118 to 165 MPa. However, the % of elongation of the composite samples decreased with 15 vol.% addition of ZrC particles. Sliding wear behaviour of the composites was investigated using a pin-on-disc wear tester at a load of 9.8 N and addition of ZrC particles was significantly found to reduce the wear rate of AA6061 alloy.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA


  1. [1]

    K. T. Satish, S. Shalini and K. K. Krishna, Synthesis and characterization of Al-Zn-Mg alloy / Zircon sand reinforced composites, Arch. Metall Mater, 63 (2) (2018) 689–695.

  2. [2]

    S. K. Thandalam, S. Ramanathan and S. Sundarrajan, Synthesis, microstructural and mechanical properties of ex-situ zircon particles (ZrSiO4) reinforced metal matrix composites (MMCs): A review, Journal of Material Research and Technology, 4 (3) (2015) 333–347.

  3. [3]

    R. Pandiyarajan, P. Maran, S. Marimuthu and K. C. Ganesh, Mechanical and tribological behavior of the metal matrix composite AA6061/ZrO2/C, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 31 (10) (2017) 4711–4717.

  4. [4]

    K. Ravikumar, K. Kiran and V. S. Sreebalaji, Characterization of mechanical properties of aluminium / tungsten carbide composites, Measurement, 102 (2017) 142–149.

  5. [5]

    A. Wagih, Mechanical properties of AI-Mg/Al2CO3 nanocompo-site powder produced by mechanical alloying, Advanced Powder Technology, 26 (1) (2015) 253–258.

  6. [6]

    A. Wagih, Synthesis of nanocrystalline AI2O3 reinforced AI nanocomposites by high-energy mechanical alloying: Micro-structural evolution and mechanical properties, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 69 (4) (2016) 851–857.

  7. [7]

    W. S. Barakat, A. Wagih, O. A. Elkady, A. Abu-Oqail, A. Fathy and A. EL-Nikhaily, Effect of AI2O3 nanoparticles content and compaction temperature on properties of AI-AI2O3 coated Cu nanocomposites, Composites Part B: Engineering, 175 (2019) 107140.

  8. [8]

    K. T. Satish, R. Subramanian, S. Shalini, J. Anburaj and P. C. Angelo, Synthesis, microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Si-Mg alloy hybrid (zircon+ alumina) composite, Indian J. Eng. Mater. S., 23 (2016) 20–26.

  9. [9]

    G. S. Priyadharshini, R. Subramanian, N. Murugan and R. Sathiskumar, Surface modification and characterization of zirconium carbide particulate reinforced C70600 CuNi composite fabricated via friction stir processing, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 31 (8) (2017) 3755–3760.

  10. [10]

    A. Fathy, A. Wagih and A. Abu-Oqail, Effect of ZrO2 content on properties of Cu-ZrO2 nanocomposites synthesized by optimized high energy ball milling, Ceramics International, 45 (2) (2019) 2319–2329.

  11. [11]

    J. P. Tu, W. Rong, S.Y. Guo and Y.Z. Yang, Dry sliding wear behavior of in situ CU-TiB2 nanocomposites against medium carbon steel, Wear, 255 (7-12) (2003) 832–835.

  12. [12]

    D. Mummoorthi, M. Rajkumar and S. G. Kumar, Advancement and characterization of Al-Mg-Si alloy using reinforcing materials of Fe2O3 and B4C composite produced by stir casting method, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 33 (7) (2019) 3213–3222.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to S. Shalini.

Additional information

Recommended by Editor Chongdu Cho

T. Satish Kumar is working as an Assistant Professor (Sr.Gr) in Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India. He has published more than 21 international journals and guided many research scholars. His specialization areas include composites and tribology.

S. Shalini is working as Lecturer in Department of Physics, PSG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore, India. She has published more than 30 papers in international journals. Her research area includes composites and thin films.

M. Ramu is an Associate Professor in Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore with 18 years of teaching experience. He has published more than 60 research papers in journals and conferences. His research area includes additive manufacturing, composites and design.

Titus Thankachan is working as an Assistant Professor in Department of Mechanical Engineering, Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore, India. He has published more than 15 international journals in the area of composites.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kumar, T.S., Shalini, S., Ramu, M. et al. Characterization of ZrC reinforced AA6061 alloy composites produced using stir casting process. J Mech Sci Technol 34, 143–147 (2020) doi:10.1007/s12206-019-1214-0

Download citation


  • AA6061 alloy
  • ZrC particles
  • Stircasting process
  • Mechanical properties
  • Wear behavior