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Designing hydro-magneto-electric regenerative shock absorber for vehicle suspension considering conventional-viscous shock absorber performance

Abstract

The performance of a regenerative shock absorber is not only determined by the amount of the regenerated energy (electricity), but also determined by its ability in providing ride comfort. The damping force characteristics produced by its mechanical component and its electrical system, including electric generator will influence the overall damping characteristics of the regenerative shock absorber. This paper reports the method of how to design a hydro-magneto-electric regenerative shock absorber (HRSA) to gain performance closed to conventional shock absorber (CSA) in providing ride comfort and gain maximum electricity. The proposed HRSA was designed to have hydraulic cylinder-tube system, gear system, hydraulic motor and electric generator. Based on the damping force characteristics test result of the typical CSA, the design parameters of the proposed HRSA, such as: Gear inertia, gear ratio, cylinder-tube diameter ratio and oil viscosity were modified to obtain the expected performance closed to CSA. The modified HRSA was mathematicaly modeled, simulated and the results were compared to the CSA. To validate the mathematical model, prototype of HRSA was fabricated and tested. A quarter car model of vehicle with HRSA suspension was fabricated and tested. The acceleration of the vehicle body (sprung mass) and the generated electricity from HRSA were measured. Further, the prototype of HRSA was implemented in a pickup truck and tested in a bumping road. The results were reported and discussed in this paper.

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Acknowledgements

This research is funded by DRPM (Direktorat Riset dan Pen-gabdian Masyarakat)-RISTEKDIKTI, through scheme of Penelitian Unggulan Perguruan Tinggi (PTUPT) 2018.

Author information

Correspondence to Harus Laksana Guntur.

Additional information

Recommended by Editor No-cheol Park

Harus Laksana Guntur is an Associate Professor at Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya, Indonesia. He received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. His research interests include vibration absorber, vibration isolation, system dynamics and vehicle dynamics.

Wiwiek Hendrowati is an Associate Professor at Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya, Indonesia. He received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Surabaya. Her research interests include structural vibration, vibration energy harvesting and system dynamics.

Skriptyan Syuhri received the B.Eng. and M.Eng. degrees in mechanical engineering from University of Jember and Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopem-ber (ITS) Surabaya in 2012 and 2015, respectively. He is currently working toward the Ph.D. degree at the University of Glasgow, Glasgow, U.K. His research interests include fluid-structure interaction, structural dynamics and mathematics/numerical modelling.

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Cite this article

Guntur, H.L., Hendrowati, W. & Syuhri, S.N.H. Designing hydro-magneto-electric regenerative shock absorber for vehicle suspension considering conventional-viscous shock absorber performance. J Mech Sci Technol 34, 55–67 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-019-1205-1

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Keywords

  • Regenerative suspension
  • Regenerative shock absorber
  • Vibration energy harvesting
  • Vibration energy recovery