Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 33, Issue 11, pp 5235–5241 | Cite as

Influence of fused deposition method 3D printing on thermoelastic effect

  • Sang-Lok Park
  • Gwang-Wook Hong
  • Jihyun Kim
  • Joo-Hyung KimEmail author


This research was performed to study the influence of the 3D printing technique on the thermoelastic effect. Specimens were made by following Standard ASTM D 638 Type 4 for tensile properties of plastics because the method of research was a tensile test using the universal tensile test machine (UTM). In 3D printing, raster angle which was the main factor was studied as factor which can affect to thermoelastic effect; and annealing was also studied because annealing can increase crystallinity and relieve residual stress and then, these can make change on thermoelastic effect. While this research was carried out, mechanical properties simultaneously were measured and it is utilized when fractography was performed using filmed scanning electron microscope (SEM) image. The main method was by filming infrared thermography for detecting temperature change. Using these methods, influence of 3D printing technique on thermoelastic effect was researched.


3D printing Thermoelastic effect Infrared thermography Thermoelastic stress analysis 



Specific heat at constant strain


Heat input


Mass density


Stress change tensor


Strain change tensor


Young’s modulus


Coefficient of linear thermal expansion


Poisson’s ratio


Specific heat at constant pressure


Yield strength


Initial temperature


Temperature change


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This work was supported by Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2016-0-00452, Development of creative technology based on complex 3D printing technology for labor, the elderly and the disabled) and grant funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea (grants No. NRF-2017M3A9E2063256) and also supported by Inha University.


  1. [1]
    X. Wang, M. Jiang, Z. Zhou, J. Gou and D. Hui, 3D printing of polymer matrix composites: A review and prospective, Composites Part B: Engineering, 110 (2017) 442–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    E. Ivanov, R. Kotsilkova, H. Xia, Y. Chen, R. K. Donato, K. Donato, A. K. Godoy, R. D. Maio, C. Silvestre, S. Cimmino and V. Angelov, PLA/graphene/MWCNT composites with improved electrical and thermal properties suitable for FDM 3D printing applications, Applied Sciences, 9 (6) (2019) 1209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    A. J. Lasprilla, G. A. Martinez, B. H. Lunelli, A. L. Jardini and R. Maciel Filho, Poly-lactic acid synthesis for application in biomedical devices—A review, Biotechnology Advances, 30 (1) (2012) 321–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    C. Gonçalves, I. Gonçalves, F. Magalhães and A. Pinto, Poly (lactic acid) composites containing carbon-based nanomaterials: A review, Polymers, 9 (7) (2017) 269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    S. H. Ahn, M. Montero, D. Odell, S. Roundy and P. K. Wright, Anisotropic material properties of fused deposition modeling ABS, Rapid Prototyping Journal, 8 (4) (2002) 248–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. R. T. Perez, D. A. Roberson and R. B. Wicker, Fracture surface analysis of 3D-printed tensile specimens of novel ABS-based materials, Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention, 14 (3) (2014) 343–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    M. Á. Caminero, J. M. Chacön, E. García-Plaza, P. J. Núñez, J. M. Reverte and J. P. Becar, Additive manufacturing of PLA-based composites using fused filament fabrication: effect of graphene nanoplatelet reinforcement on mechanical properties, dimensional accuracy and texture, Polymers, 11 (5) (2019) 799.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    M. A. Caminero, I. García-Moreno, G. P. Rodríguez and J. M. Chacön, Internal damage evaluation of composite structures using phased array ultrasonic technique: Impact damage assessment in CFRP and 3D printed reinforced composites, Composites Part B: Engineering, 165 (2019) 131–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    J. J. Laureto and J. M. Pearce, Anisotropic mec hanical property variance between ASTM D638-14 type i and type iv fused filament fabricated specimens, Polymer Testing, 68 (2018) 294–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    C. Bauwens-Crowet and J. C. Bauwens, Annealing of polycarbonate below the glass transition: Quantitative interpretation of the effect on yield stress and differential scanning calorimetry measurements, Polymer, 23 (11) (1982) 1599–1604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    R. Estevez and S. Basu, On the importance of thermoelastic cooling in the fracture of glassy polymers at high rates, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 45 (11–12) (2008) 3449–3465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    P. Stanley and W. K. Chan, Quantitative stress analysis by means of the thermoelastic effect, The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 20 (3) (1985) 129–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    R. J. Greene, E. A. Patterson and R. E. Rowlands, Thermoelastic stress analysis, Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics, Springer, USA (2008) 743–768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. M. Dulieu-Barton and P. Stanley, Development and applications of ther moelastic stress analysis, The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 33 (2) (1998) 93–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    I. W. Gilmour, A. Trainor and R. N. Haward, The thermoelastic effect in glassy polymers, Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Physics Edition, 16 (7) (1978) 1277–1290.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    C. Schley and G. F. Smith, Validation of rapid prototyping material for rapid experiment al stress analysis, International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Austin, Texas, USA (1997)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    K. N. G. Fuller, P. G. Fox and J. E. Field, The temperature rise at the tip of fast-moving cracks in glassy polymers, Proc. of the Royal Society of London. A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences, London, UK, 341 (1627) (1975) 537–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    H. D. Bui, H. Maigre and D. Rittel, A new approach to the experimental determination of the dynamic stress intensity factor, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 29 (23) (1992) 2881–2895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    A. T. Zehnder and A. J. Rosakis, On the temperature distribution at the vicinity of dynamically propagating cracks in 4340 steel, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 39 (3) (1991) 385–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    H. Maigre and D. Rittel, Mixed-mode quantification for dynamic fracture initiation: Application to the compact compression specimen, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 30 (23) (1993) 3233–3244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    O. Bougaut and D. Rittel, On crack-tip cooling during dynamic crack initiation, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 38 (15) (2001) 2517–2532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    R. Estevez, M. G. A. Tijssens and E. Van der Giessen, Modeling of the competition between shear yielding and crazing in glassy polymers, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 48 (12) (2000) 2585–2617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    R. Steinberger, T. V. Leitão, E. Ladstátter, G. Pinter, W. Billinger and R. W. Lang, Infrared thermographic techniques for non-destructive damage characterization of carbon fibre reinforced polymers during tensile fatigue testing, International Journal of Fatigue, 28 (10) (2006) 1340–1347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Q. Y. Lu and C. H. Wong, Applications of non-destructive testing techniques for post-process control of additively manufactured parts, Virtual and Physical Prototyping, 12 (4) (2017) 301–321.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    A. L. Gyekenyesi and G. Y. Baaklini, Thermoelastic stress analysis: A NDE tool for residual stress assessment of metallic alloys, Proc. of ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, Munich, Germany (2000).Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Y. R. Mayhew and G. F. C. Rodgers, Engineering Thermodynamics: Work and Heat Transfer, Longmans Publishing Company, Harlow, UK (1967).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    A. K. Wong, J. G. Sparrow and S. A. Dunn, On the revised theory of the thermoelastic effect, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 49 (4) (1988) 395–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Y. Srithep, P. Nealey and L. S. Turng, Effects of annealing time and temperature on the crystallinity and heat resistance behavior of injection-molded poly (lactic acid), Polymer Engineering & Science, 53 (3) (2013) 580–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Y. Li, F. Chen, J. Nie and D. Yang, Electrospun poly (lactic acid)/chitosan core-shell structure nanofibers from homogeneous solution, Carbohydrate Polymers, 90 (4) (2012) 1445–1451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© KSME & Springer 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sang-Lok Park
    • 1
  • Gwang-Wook Hong
    • 1
  • Jihyun Kim
    • 1
  • Joo-Hyung Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Lab. of Intelligent Devices and Thermal Control, Dept. of Mechanical EngineeringInha UniversityIncheonKorea

Personalised recommendations