Aircore mechanism during draining based on influence of pressure difference and drain port diameter
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An understanding of the mechanism of aircore phenomenon during draining is very important. In this study, numerical simulations were conducted for different pressurized and suction pressure water tanks, as well as for different drain port diameters, to explain and validate the proposed aircore mechanism. It was found that increasing the pressure at the top surface of the tank results in suppression of the aircore, whereas an increase in the suction pressure at the drain port outlet enhances the development of the aircore. For different drain port diameters, it was observed that the duration of the aircore during draining decreases with a decrease in the drain port diameter, and that the aircore is suppressed for a very small drain port diameter.
KeywordsAircore mechanism Pressure difference Drain port diameter Cylindrical tanks draining Drain time
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