Optimization of excitation frequency and guided wave mode in acoustic wavenumber spectroscopy for shallow wall-thinning defect detection
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In plate-like structures, wall-thinning defects resulting from corrosion may not be accompanied by any indication of damage on the surface. Thus, inspections are required to ensure that wall-thinning defects are within allowable limits. However, conventional ultrasonic techniques require physical contact to the structure. Alternatively, acoustic wavenumber spectroscopy (AWS) may be used for detecting, locating, and characterizing defects. This paper describes the performance of AWS in the estimation of a wall-thinning defect size in thinplate structures using finite element analysis (FEA). Through a series of FEAs, the structure’s steady-state response to a single-tone ultrasonic excitation is simulated, and the wall-thinning defect-size effect on the wavenumber-estimation accuracy is investigated. In general, the A0 guided wave mode is widely used to visualize defects because of the nature of the wave speed variation in relation to the plate thickness. However, it is not appropriate for the detection of relatively shallow wall-thinning defects, because the rate of change in wave speed with the thickness decreases with increasing plate thickness. To overcome this limitation, we propose a method to optimize excitation frequency and effective guided wave mode instead of utilizing the A0 mode. The results can be used to determine the size of shallow wall-thinning defects in plate-like structures.
KeywordsNondestructive testing Ultrasonic guided wave Acoustic wavenumber spectroscopy Finite element analysis Ultrasonic wavefield imaging
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