Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 32, Issue 7, pp 3465–3472 | Cite as

Optimum design for intake and exhaust system of a heavy-duty diesel engine by using DFSS methodology

  • Tae Joong WangEmail author


In this study, an optimum design for intake and exhaust system of a heavy-duty diesel engine was conducted by using the well-known design for six sigma (DFSS) methodology. As a result of this work, the NOx emission regulation has been successfully satisfied while minimizing the fuel consumption. On the basis of this DFSS work, the design robustness of the engine system was also enhanced. Hence, it is expected that the final design proposal would reduce the variability in brake thermal efficiency (BTE) that could be caused by the harsh environment and the system aging. Especially, this work has successfully raised the amount of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) up to the target level by adopting the venturi tubes in the intake and exhaust lines. In this study, engine cycle simulation technique was employed to assess the effect of the various design parameters and the final design proposal was verified through a real engine test. The current optimum design work has considered four control factors such as the size of turbocharger, the diameter of intake and exhaust venturi pipes, and the efficiency of EGR cooler. Here, an L9 orthogonal array was employed to efficiently choose the best design proposal among 81 design combinations (i.e., four independent control factors which individually have three different levels).


Design for six sigma Taguchi method Optimum design Diesel engine Venturi NOx emission 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aftertreatment System Development PartDoosan Infracore (Co., Ltd.)IncheonKorea

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