Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 199–210 | Cite as

The structures of unsteady cavitation shedding flow around an axisymmetric body with a blunt headform

  • Changli Hu
  • Xuede Wang
  • Guoyu Wang
  • Youquan Cao


The objective of this paper is to investigate the cavity shedding dynamics in unsteady cavitating flows around an axisymmetric body with a blunt headform. A high-speed video camera is used to record the cavity evolution process. The numerical simulations are performed based on the homogenous method coupled with a modified PANS (Partially-averaged Navier-Stokes) turbulence model and Zwart cavitation model. The results show that the predicted time-evolution process of cavity agree fairly well with the corresponding experimental data for two different cavitation numbers (σ = 0.7 and σ = 0.6 ). Compared to that of σ = 0.6, the cavity shedding behavior of σ = 0.7 presents more fluctuations and instabilities. To elucidate the different shedding structures, the Lagrangian coherent structures (LCS) and particle trajectory methods are also utilized here. It is found that the particle tracers respectively demonstrate the cavity shedding behaviors of conjunction at σ = 0.6 and rolling up at σ = 0.7. Moreover, the LCS distributions vary with the timeevolution of vortex structures. The particle trajectories can illustrate the upstream and downstream vortex structures connect together at σ = 0.6 but separate at σ = 0.7, which highly consistent with the cavity shedding behaviors.


Cavity shedding dynamics Vortex Lagrangian particle trajectory Axisymmetric body 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changli Hu
    • 1
  • Xuede Wang
    • 1
  • Guoyu Wang
    • 2
  • Youquan Cao
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanjing University of Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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