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Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1957–1965 | Cite as

Quasi-static compression of electric resistance welded mild steel tubes with axial gradient-distributed microstructures

  • Shengjie YaoEmail author
  • Lei Sun
  • Xudong Ma
Article

Abstract

This paper presents the deformation behavior and crashworthiness of electric resistance welded mild steel tubes with axial gradient microstructures in quasi-static compression. Three sets of tubes were prepared, and regions of each tube were Induction heated and directly quenched (IH-DQ). The effect of the length to diameter (L/D) ratio, and length of the IH-DQ region on crushing characteristics was investigated, and compared with untreated tubes. The compression tests revealed that improved energy absorption can be obtained in IHDQ tubes if the collapse is controlled by the formation of a concertina buckling mode. However, there was a tendency to produce mixed or Euler buckling modes as the ratio of L/D increased. Meanwhile, the results of the crush experiments and the FEM models showed that the heat-treatment process should be precisely controlled to produce the correct type of microstructure, and circumferential uniformity of microstructure distribution.

Keywords

Mild steel tubes Quasi-static test Gradient microstructure Energy absorption 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of Technology at WeihaiWeihaiChina

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