A lightweight design approach for an EMU carbody using a material selection method and size optimization

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This study proposes a weight reduction design approach for urban transit carbody using a material selection method and size optimization. First, the material selection method, which uses specific stiffness and strength indices to predict the weight reduction rate, is set up when the materials of the under-frame and roof structure are substituted. The CFRP was chosen as the best weight reduction material in terms of the material selection method but was not appropriate for application to an urban transit carbody as a thin panel because of out-of-plane deformation. Therefore, we applied CFRP-AL honeycomb sandwich composites to the under-frame and roof structures, and the size optimization method was subsequently applied to derive a lightweight composite hybrid carbody design. Finally, the proposed approach was applied to an urban transit carbody, i.e., a Korean electrical multiple units carbody made of aluminum extrusion profiles. The weight of the optimized composite hybrid carbody design was 29.0% lighter than that of the original K-EMU. The resulting composite hybrid carbody design satisfied the design guidelines of the Performance test standard for K-EMU according to the corresponding FE simulations.

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Author information

Correspondence to Jeong Seo Koo.

Additional information

Recommended by Associate Editor Jin Weon Kim

Koo Jeong-Seo received his M.S. and Doctor Degrees in mechanical engineering from KAIST, Korea, in 1987 and 1995, respectively. Now he is a professor in graduate school of railway, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Korea. He is interested in the areas of crash safety & vehicle structural mechanics and so on.

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Cho, J.G., Koo, J.S. & Jung, H.S. A lightweight design approach for an EMU carbody using a material selection method and size optimization. J Mech Sci Technol 30, 673–681 (2016).

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  • Urban transit
  • Material selection method
  • Size optimization
  • CFRP sandwich composite
  • Composite hybrid carbody