Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 4329–4340 | Cite as

Study of surface roughness and flank wear in hard turning of AISI 4140 steel with coated ceramic inserts

  • Sudhansu Ranjan Das
  • Debabrata Dhupal
  • Amaresh Kumar


This experimental investigation deals with dry hard turning of AISI 4140 steel using PVD-TiN coated Al2O3+TiCN mixed ceramic inserts. The combined effect of cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed and depth of cut) on performance characteristics such as surface roughness and flank wear is explored by Full factorial design (FFD) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results show that feed is the principal cutting parameter influencing surface roughness, followed by cutting speed. However, flank wear is affected by the cutting speed and interaction of feed-depth of cut, although depth of cut has not been found statistically significant, but flank wear is an increasing function of depth of cut. Observations are made on the machined surface, and worn tool by Scanning electron microscope (SEM) to establish the process. Abrasion was the major wear mechanism found during hard turning within the studied range. The effect of tool wear on surface roughness was also studied. The experimental data were analyzed to predict the optimal range of surface roughness and flank wear. Based on Response surface methodology (RSM), mathematical models were developed for surface roughness (Ra) and flank wear (VB) with 95% confidence level. Finally, under optimum cutting conditions (obtained by response optimization technique), tool life was evaluated to perform cost analysis for justifying the economic viability of coated ceramic inserts in hard turning. The estimated machining cost per part for TiN coated ceramic was found to be lower (Rs. 12.31) because of higher tool life (51 min), which results in the reduction of downtime and increase in savings.


AISI 4140 steel TiN-coated ceramic tool Surface roughness Flank wear RSM Cost analysis 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudhansu Ranjan Das
    • 1
  • Debabrata Dhupal
    • 2
  • Amaresh Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Manufacturing EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyJharkhand, JamshedpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Production EngineeringVeer Surendra Sai University of TechnologyBurla, OdishaIndia

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