Effect of thermal non-equilibrium on transient hydromagnetic flow over a moving surface in a nanofluid saturated porous media
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This work is made to study the effect of local thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE) on transient MHD laminar boundary layer flow of viscous, incompressible nanofluid over a vertical stretching plate embedded in a sparsely packed porous medium. The flow in the porous medium is governed by simple Darcy model. The model used for the nanofluid incorporates the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis. Three temperature model is used to represent the local thermal non-equilibrium among the particle, fluid, and solid-matrix phases. By applying similarity analysis, the governing partial differential equations are transformed into a set of time dependent nonlinear coupled ordinary differential equations and they are solved by Runge-Kutta Fehlberg Method along with shooting technique. Numerical results of the boundary layer flow characteristics for the fluid, particle and solid phases are obtained for various combinations of the physical parameters. It is found that the thermal non-equilibrium effects are strongest when the fluid/particle, fluid/solid Nield numbers and thermal capacity ratios are small. Moreover, the amount of heat transfer is maximum in nanoparticles than that of fluid and solid phases because of enhancement of thermal conductivity in nanofluids.
KeywordsLocal thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE) MHD Nanofluid Three temperature model
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