Numerical calculation of irregular tire wear caused by tread self-excited vibration and sensitivity analysis
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Tire wear negatively affects vehicle safety and riding comfort. Abnormal wear is more dangerous and wears tires out more quickly. In this paper, numerical and sensitivity analyses of polygonal wear caused by unstable vibration are presented. The model used for this study was based on the works of Sueoka. Tread self-excited vibration was analyzed in a quantitative sense, which was qualitatively different from the work of Sueoka. Wear was plotted on tire circumference visually. The mechanism governing polygonal tire wear was investigated as that both the polygonal wear and the standing wave are caused by two types of tread vibrations that only differ in the extent of the tread vibration. Sensitivity analysis shows that decreases in tread mass and stiffness and increases in tread damping lead to noticeable reductions in tire wear. This information could help tire manufacturers produce tires that exhibit less wear caused by tread vibration.
KeywordsTire Polygonal wear Numerical analysis Sensitivity analysis Unstable vibration
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