Advertisement

Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 567–573 | Cite as

Numerical analysis on thermo-fluid dynamic behavior of hydrogen gas during fast high pressure filling

  • Abhilash Suryan
  • Heuy Dong KimEmail author
  • Toshiaki Setoguchi
Article

Abstract

Environmental pollution and rapid depletion of fossil fuels had necessitated the search for alternative technologies and energy sources for transportation. Hydrogen fuel can be an environment friendly alternative. High pressure gas is a widely used storage mode for hydrogen fuel. Refueling of a vehicular hydrogen tank should be reasonably short to gain consumer acceptability. However, quick filling at high pressures can result in high temperatures. This should be avoided because of safety reasons. A numerical model can aid in optimizing the filling up process. The paper reports the numerical simulation of the refueling of high pressure hydrogen tanks using computational fluid dynamics method. Real gas equations are included to accurately simulate the process at the high temperature and pressure associated with the fast filling. Local temperature distribution in the tank is obtained at different durations of the fill. The numerical results obtained are validated with available experimental data. The results give an accurate visualization of the thermo fluid dynamic behavior of hydrogen gas during fast filling.

Keywords

High pressure filling Hydrogen gas filling Hydrogen tank Gaseous storage Real gas effect 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Al Gore, An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what we can do about it, Rodale, New York, USA (2006).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    T. N. Veziroglu and F. Barbir, Hydrogen energy technologies, UNIDO Emerging Technologies Series, UNIDO, Vienna, Austria (1998).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    P. Hoffmann, Tomorrow’s energy: Hydrogen, fuel cells, and the prospects for a cleaner planet, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, US (2001).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    V. Ananthachar and J. J. Duffy, Efficiencies of hydrogen storage systems onboard fuel cell vehicles, Solar Energy, 78(5) (2005) 687–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    ISO/TS 15869:2009: Gaseous hydrogen and hydrogen blends: Land vehicle fuel tanks, international organization for standardization, Geneva, Switzerland.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    N. Newhouse, Fast filling of NGV fuel containers, SAE Technical Paper Series 1999-01-3739 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    J. Schneider, Optimizing the fuelling of hydrogen vehicles, Fuel Cell Review, 2(4) (2005) 15–24.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    C. J. B. Dicken and W. Merida, Measured effects of filling time and initial mass on the temperature distribution within a hydrogen cylinder during refueling, Journal of Power Systems, 165 (2007) 324–336.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    C. J. B. Dicken and W. Merida, Modeling the transient temperature distribution within a hydrogen cylinder during refueling, Journal of Numerical Heat Transfer, 53 (2008) 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    P. L. Woodfield, M. Monde and T. Takano, Heat transfer characteristics for practical hydrogen pressure vessels being filled at high pressure, Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, 3(2) (2008) 241–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    D. C. Wilcox, Turbulence modeling for CFD, 2nd ed. DCW Industries, Inc., California, USA (1998).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    T. H. Shih, W. W. Liou, A. Shabbir, Z. Yang and J. Zhu, A new k-Σ eddy-viscosity model for high Reynolds number turbulent flows — model development and validation, Computers and Fluids, 24(3) (1995) 227–238.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    S. E. Kim, D. Choudhury and B. Patel, Computations of complex turbulent flows using the commercial code ANSYS FLUENT. Proceedings of the ICASE/LaRC/AFOSR Symposium on Modeling Complex Turbulent Flows, Hampton, Virginia (1997).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    N. Crawford, S. Spence, A. Simpson, G. A. Cunningham, A numerical investigation of the flow structures and losses for turbulent flow in 90° elbow bends, Proc. IMechE Part E J. Process Mechanical Engineering, 223 (2009) 27–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    A. Suryan, H. D. Kim and T. Setoguchi, Numerical simulation of the filling up process of a hydrogen fuel tank for vehicular applications, Proceedings of AJK Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, Hamamatsu, Japan (2011).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    O. Redlich and J. N. S. Kwong. On the thermodynamics of solutions, An equation of state. Fugacities of gaseous solutions, Chem. Rev., 44 (1949) 233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    A. Suryan and H. D. Kim, Numerical simulation of fast filling of a hydrogen tank, Proceedings of KSPE Conference, Jeju Island, Korea (2010) 353–358.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhilash Suryan
    • 1
  • Heuy Dong Kim
    • 2
    Email author
  • Toshiaki Setoguchi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Technical EducationGovernment Engineering College IdukkiKeralaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAndong National UniversityAndongKorea
  3. 3.Institute of Ocean EnergySaga UniversitySagaJapan

Personalised recommendations