Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 1205–1212 | Cite as

Improvement and experimental validation of a multi-zone model for combustion and NO emissions in CNG fueled spark ignition engine

  • Omid AsgariEmail author
  • Siamak Kazemzadeh Hannani
  • Reza Ebrahimi


This article reports the experimental and theoretical results for a spark ignition engine working with compressed natural gas as a fuel. The theoretical part of this work uses a zero-dimensional, multi-zone combustion model in order to predict nitric oxide (NO) emission in a spark ignition (SI) engine. The basic concept of the model is the division of the burned gas into several distinct zones for taking into account the temperature stratification of the burned mixture during combustion. This is especially important for accurate NO emissions predictions, since NO formation is strongly temperature dependent. During combustion, 12 products are obtained by chemical equilibrium via Gibbs energy minimization method and nitric oxide formation is calculated from chemical kinetic by the extended Zeldovich mechanism. The burning rate required as input to the model is expressed as a Wiebe function, fitted to experimentally derived burn rates. The model is validated against experimental data from a four-cylinder, four-stroke, SI gas engine (EF7) running with CNG fuel. The calculated values for pressure and nitric oxide emissions show good agreement with the experimental data. The superiority of the multizone model over its two-zone counterpart is demonstrated in view of its more realistic in-cylinder NO emissions predictions when compared to the available experimental data.


Multi-zone combustion model Spark ignition engine Gibbs energy minimization CNG Nitric oxide 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omid Asgari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Siamak Kazemzadeh Hannani
    • 1
  • Reza Ebrahimi
    • 2
  1. 1.Mechanical EngineeringSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Mechanical EngineeringKNTU University of TechnologyTehranIran

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