A simple smart wing actuator using Ni-Ti SMA
One way shape memory effect (SME) is not sufficient in the application of the automatic repeated actuation of the SMA wire because the actuator using SME cannot return to its initial shape after it cools down. In the present study, the two-way SME under residual stress is considered. An actuator using the two-way effect of SMA returns to its initial shape by increasing or decreasing the temperature of SMA under initial residual stress. Using the two-way effect, we manufactured a simple smart wing actuator which consists of the SMA wire and a torsional spring to induce variable residual stresses. The SMA wire after the specific training procedure in order for the actuator to be used for the repeated actuations without performance deteriorations in the specified actuation requirements was used. The simple smart wing actuator has been tested for repeated actuations in still-air as an environmental thermal condition for the practical aspect of its usage. The characteristics of actuator behavior according to operation thermal cycle duration time, i.e., the response characteristics for rapid actuation were investigated. By the application of the simple smart wing actuator using the SMA wire, SMA shows novel performance in repeated actuations.
KeywordsSMA Residual stress Two-way SME Thermal cycle time Actuator
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