Assessment Method of Slope Excavation Quality based on Point Cloud Data
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Slope excavation quality assessment is essential in water conservancy engineering. This study presents a quality assessment method to estimate the excavation quality of a slope based on point cloud data obtained from a 3D Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS). A data processing method, which includes coordinate registration, data partitioning, and noise removal, is proposed to organize raw data from the TLS and ensure accurate and available point cloud data of a slope surface. An excavation quality assessment method with seven indicators, namely, slope ratio, slope toe elevation, back break, volume of back break, remained semi-void rate, unevenness, and offset degree, is proposed to analyze the difference between a slope’s as-design excavation appearance and actual construction appearance. The as-design excavation appearance is expressed by the Building Information Modeling (BIM) model of a slope-excavation face, and it is a reference to assess the actual construction appearance. The slope excavation quality of a water conservancy project in southwest China is evaluated with the proposed method and the traditional method. The results demonstrate that the proposed method can estimate the slope excavation quality effectively, rapidly, and accurately, and can provide theoretical data support for subsequent work.
Keywordsslope excavation construction quality assessment point cloud data water conservancy project
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