KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 23, Issue 9, pp 3864–3874 | Cite as

An Improved CPTu-based Method to Estimate Jacked Pile Bearing Capacity and Its Reliability Assessment

  • Yong-hong Miao
  • Ping-ping Zuo
  • Jie YinEmail author
  • Shoaib Ahmed
  • Guo-long Bai
  • Jian-fei Lu
Geotechnical Engineering


This paper presents an improved method for predicting the bearing capacity of single jacked pile based on piezocone penetration test (CPTu) data which contain tip resistance (qt), side friction (fs) and excess dynamic pore water pressure (u2). Firstly, the average value of qt was determined to calculate the pile unit base resistance according to the influence zone of the logarithmic spiral concerning the effect of soil types. Secondly, fs and u2 were used to calculate the pile unit shaft resistance considering the effect of friction fatigue. The pile jacking force was obtained in terms of unit base resistance and unit shaft resistance. The ultimate bearing capacity was finally determined using pile jacking force multiplied by a force ratio denoted as Rf. The ultimate bearing capacities calculated for two case projects show a good agreement with the measured results, which indicates that the proposed method is feasible and effective. Reliability assessment was carried out on the proposed method and other five estimation methods with respect to the reliability index obtained by advanced first-order second-moment (AFOSM) method. Comparison result showed that the method proposed in this study has a higher reliability index over other five existing methods. Therefore, the proposed method can be used as a reliable alternative to predict the bearing capacity in the engineering practice of jacked pile foundation.


piezocone penetration test influence zone friction fatigue reduction factor bearing capacity reliability 


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The authors gratefully appreciate the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51508236, Grant No. 41402251), Jiangsu Province Science Foundation for Youths (No. BK20150519) and the Six Talent Peaks Project Foundation of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. 2014JZ011). The corresponding author is also grateful to the financial support from China Scholarship Council (No. 201908320213) to visit the University of Wisconsin-Madison as a Visiting Scholar.


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil Engineering and MechanicsJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina

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