KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 1586–1599 | Cite as

Calculating Jacking Forces for Circular Pipes with Welding Flange Slabs from a Combined Theory and Case Study

  • Pengjiao Jia
  • Baofeng Jiang
  • Wen ZhaoEmail author
  • Yongping Guan
  • Jianyong Han
  • Cheng Cheng
Geotechnical Engineering


Recently, the Steel Tube Slab (STS) curtain method has been successfully used in the construction of ultra-shallow metro stations in modern urban areas. By using the STS curtain method, the external surfaces of pipes are welded with flange slabs, and then the pipes are jacked into soils. However, the nature and extent of the influence of flange slabs on the calculation of jacking force is unclear. This paper presents the first combined theoretical and case study to calculate the increase of jacking forces for circular steel pipes with welded flange slabs during the entire jacking process. The increase of jacking forces was assumed to balance the friction at the soil-pipeline interface. Theoretical formulae were firstly developed to calculate earth pressure based on pressure arch theory and elastic foundation beam theory. A case study was then performed to verify the theoretical results with the field data from Olympic Metro Station on the Shenyang Metro Line 9 in China. Subsequently, factors influencing the calculation of jacking force were analyzed and discussed. Results show that the theoretical formulae produced good results with minor errors. The implications of these findings regarding the prediction of jacking force and selection of hydraulic jack are discussed.


STS curtain method pipe-jacking jacking force earth pressure pressure arch theory underground station 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pengjiao Jia
    • 1
  • Baofeng Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wen Zhao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yongping Guan
    • 3
  • Jianyong Han
    • 1
  • Cheng Cheng
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Resource & Civil EngineeringNortheastern University (NEU)ShenyangChina
  2. 2.Shenyang Metro Co., Ltd.ShenyangChina
  3. 3.Urban Rail Transit System Design and Research Sub-InstituteChina Railway Design CorporationTianjingChina

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