KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 1897–1904 | Cite as

Internet of cars through commodity V2V and V2X mobile routers: Applications for developing countries

  • Kanchana Kanchanasut
  • Saroch Boonsiripant
  • Apinun Tunpan
  • Hoe Kyoung Kim
  • Mongkol Ekpanyapong
Transportation Engineering


In developing countries, government agencies focus its transportation system developments on building more roads and bridge structures to alleviate the traffic, undermining the idea of using Intelligent Transportation Systems to maximize the capacity of existing infrastructure. When the public sectors perform poorly in managing traffic, a decentralized traffic management approach seems to be more appropriate. The vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-any communication systems are among the top choices in the decentralized system. Despite the potential benefits of V2V and V2X communication applications, there are many challenges in implementing them in developing countries. We identified the obstacles in various aspects and then designed the system within the framework of such constraints. Also, we envisioned the deployment of small, commercially available off-the-shelf routers which rely on open Internet standards, and used one or more unlicensed frequencies followed by setting a simple experiment up. We have successfully demonstrated that V2V mobile routers can be built from commodity components which are available in developing countries without depending on regulated radio frequencies hence achieving the freedom to use these V2V mobile routers almost everywhere. Since smart devices such as Smartphones and tablets can connect to the proposed mobile routers, there are endless possibilities to develop useful applications.


vehicular mobile router Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR) Vehicular Disruption Tolerant Networking (VDTN) vehicular cloud V2V communication 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Clausen, T. and Jacquet, P. (2014). Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR), RFC 3626, Scholar
  2. Code for Delay Tolerant Networking Research Group (2014).
  3. Gerla, M. and Kleinrock, L. (2011). “Vehicular networks and the future of the mobile internet.” Computer Networks, Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 457–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hartenstein, H. and Laberteaux, K. (2010). VANET: Vehicular Applications and Inter-Networking Technologies, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., West Sussex, United Kingdom.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. HTML5 (2014). W3C Working draft, Scholar
  6. Internet Education and Research Laboratory (intERLab) (2014). DUMBO Technology, Scholar
  7. Kakihara, M. (2012). “Vehicle-to-vehicle safety communication systems in Japan: Current status and JAMA’s role.” Proceeding of 2012 London ITS World Congress, London, U.K.Google Scholar
  8. Kanchanasut, K., Tunpan, A., Awal, M. A., Das, D. K., Wongsaardsakul, T., and Tsuchimoto, Y. (2007). “DUMBONET: A multimedia communication system for collaborative emergency response operations in disaster-affected areas.” International Journal of Emergency Management, No. 4, pp. 670–681.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kanchanasut, K., Wongsaardsakul, T., Chansutthirangkool, M., Laouiti, A., Tazaki, H., and Arefin, K. R. (2008). “Dumbo II: A V-2-I emergency network.” Proceeding of 4th Asian Conference on Internet Engineering, pp. 37–38.Google Scholar
  10. Kato, S., Tsugawa, S., Tokuda, K., Matsui, T., and Fujii, H. (2002). “Vehicle control algorithms for cooperative driving with automated vehicles and intervehicle communications.” IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, No. 3, pp. 155–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. LeBlanc, D. J. and Kantowitz, B. H. (2009). “Cooperative vehiclehighway systems: Gap analysis for emergency transportation operations.” International Journal of Vehicle Information and Communication Systems, No. 2, pp. 122–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Liao, C. and Davis, G. A. (2007). “Simulation study of a bus signal priority strategy based on GPS/AVL and wireless communications.” Proceeding of the 86th Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, Washington, D.C., January 21–25.Google Scholar
  13. Liu, Y., Dion, F., and Biswas, S. (2005). “Dedicated short-range wireless communications for intelligent transportation system applications: State of the art.” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1910, Washington, D.C., pp. 29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Luo, J. and Hubaux, J. P. (2006). A Survey of research in inter-vehicle communications, Embedded Security in Cars-Securing Current and Future Automotive IT Applications, pp. 111–122.Google Scholar
  15. Mekbungwan, P., Tunpan, A., Borlido, L.F.S., Khaitiyakun, N., and Kanchanasut, K. (2011). “A DTN Routing on OLSR for VANET: A preliminary road experiment.” Proceeding of Global Information Infrastructure Symposium (GIIS), pp. 1–6.Google Scholar
  16. Motsinger, C. and Hubing, T. (2007). A review of vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure initiatives, Clemson Vehicular Electronics Laboratory Report.Google Scholar
  17. Musulin, R., Krovvidi, A., Bowen, S., Attard, G., and Dhara. S. (2012). Thailand floods event recap report, Aon Benfield, Thailand.Google Scholar
  18. Nowakowski, C., Vizzini, D., Gupta, S. D., and Sengupta, R. (2011). “Evaluation of a real-time, freeway end-of-queue alerting system to promote driver situation awareness.” Proceeding of the 90th Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  19. Olariu, S. and Weigle, M. C. (2009). Vehicular networks from theory to practice, CRC Press, Florida.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pant, R., Tunpan, A., Mekbungwan, P., Virochpoka, R., and Kanchanasut, K. (2010). “DTN overlay on OLSR network.” Proceeding of 6th Asian Internet Engineering Conference (AINTEC), pp. 56–63.Google Scholar
  21. Peirce, S. and Mauri, R. (2007). Vehicle-infrastructure integration (VII) initiative benefit-cost analysis: Pre-testing estimates, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  22. Rizvi, S. R., Olariu, S., Weigle, M. C., and Rizvi, M. E. (2007). “A novel approach to reduce traffic chaos in emergency and evacuation scenarios.” Proceeding of Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 1937–1941.Google Scholar
  23. Tazaki, H., Meter, V. R., Wakikawa, R., Wongsaardsakul, T., Kanchanasut, K., Amorim, M. D., and Murai J. (2011). “MANEMO routing in practice: Protocol selection, expected performance, and experimental evaluation.” IEICE Transactions on Communications. No. 93, pp. 2004–2011.Google Scholar
  24. Ubuntu Home Page (2014).
  25. Vikram, K. (2014). “Facebook helps Delhi Traffic Police nail roadhogs, 725 cops among 22,000 booked in 2 yrs.” India Today, New Delhi, India, Scholar
  26. Wongsaardsakul, T. and Kanchanasut, K. (2007). “A structured mesh overlay network for P2P applications on mobile ad-hoc networks.” Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Internet Technology, No. 4882, pp. 67–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wongwudthianun, S. (2014). “Undisciplined taxi drivers.” Bangkok Post, Bangkok, Thailand, Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kanchana Kanchanasut
    • 1
  • Saroch Boonsiripant
    • 2
  • Apinun Tunpan
    • 1
  • Hoe Kyoung Kim
    • 3
  • Mongkol Ekpanyapong
    • 4
  1. 1.The Internet Education and Research Laboratory (intERLab)Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)PathumthaniThailand
  2. 2.Dept. of Civil EngineeringKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Dept. of Urban PlanningDong-A UniversityBusanKorea
  4. 4.Microelectronics and Embedded SystemAsian Institute of Technology (AIT)PathumthaniThailand

Personalised recommendations