KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1071–1078 | Cite as

Discrete phase modeling study for particle motion in storm water retention

Research Paper Water Engineering


This study compares three different types of multiple phase models to determine the most appropriate one for predicting the behavior of various types of storm water solids in a rectangular retention chamber. Two Lagrangian frame of coupled and uncoupled particle tracking models based on the interaction between the discrete phase and the continuous phase were tested. The third model was a sediment transport model using the Eulerian frame. This study tested five different storm water solids classified by particle size and settling characteristics. Particle retention efficiency and computational time were considered in determining the most appropriate multiphase model. For the gross solids, the Lagrangian coupled model provided the best agreement with the physical model measurements. The Eulerian frame model matched retention efficiency well for the high density coarse and finer solids. Although the Eulerian frame shows reliable retention prediction for most of the solid types, the Lagrangian coupled model can be an effective alternative requiring significantly reduced computational time.


computational fluid dynamics discrete phase model multiphase model numerical model particle retention physical model retention storm water solids 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amini, A., Boillat, L., and Schleiss, A. (2009). “Entrainment of floating granules behind a barrier.” J. Hydraulic Res., Vol. 47, No. 6, pp. 711–715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Batchelor, G. K. (1983). An introduction to fluid dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  3. Barkhudarov, M. and Ditter, J. L. (1994). “Particle transport and diffusion.” FSI-94-TN39, Flow Science, Inc., Santa Fe, NM.Google Scholar
  4. Brethour, J. M. (2001). “Transient 3-D model for lifting, transporting, and deposition solid material.” Proceeding Proc., 3rd International Symposium of Environmental Hydraulics, Tempe, AZ.Google Scholar
  5. Brethour, J. M. (2009). The sedimentation and scour model in Flow-3D, FSI-09-TN85, Flow Science, Inc., Santa Fe, NM.Google Scholar
  6. Burt, D. J., Corton, M., Hetherinton, D., and Balmforth, D. J. (2002). “Multiphase modeling and the prediction of retention efficiency in a side weir CSO.” Proceeding Proc., 9th Intl. Conf. Urban Drainage, Portland, OR., pp. 13–26.Google Scholar
  7. Buxton, A., Tait, S., Stovin, V., and Saul, A. (2002). “Developments in a methodology for the design of engineered invert traps in combined sewer systems.” Water Science and Technology, Vol. 45, No. 7, pp. 133–142.Google Scholar
  8. Chatterjee, S. S., Ghosh, S. N., and Chatterjee, M. (1994). “Local scour due to submerged horizontal jet.” J. Hydraul. Eng., Vol. 120, No. 8, pp. 973–992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Deininger, A., Holthausen, E., and Wilderer, P. A. (1998). “Velocity and solids distribution in circular secondary clarifiers: Full scale measurements and numerical modeling.” Water. Res. Vol. 32, No. 10, pp. 2951–2958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dhamotharan, S., Culliver, J. S., and Stefan, H. G. (1981). “Unsteady one-dimensional settling of suspended sediment.” Water Resour. Res., Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 1125–1132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Faram, M. G. and Harwood, R. (2003). “A method for the numerical assessment of sediment interceptors.” Water Science and Technology, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 167–174.Google Scholar
  12. Flow Science (2009). Flow-3D user manual (version 9.3), Flow Science, Inc., Santa Fe, NM.Google Scholar
  13. Guo, J. (2002). “Hunter Rouse and Shields diagram.” Proceeding Proc., 13th IAHR-APD, Advances in Hydraulics and Water Engineering, Singapore, Vol. 2, pp. 1096–1098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Harwood, R. (1998). Modeling combined sewer overflow chambers using computational fluid dynamics, PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield, UK.Google Scholar
  15. He, C., Wood, J., Marsalek, J., and Rochfort, Q. (2008). “Using CFD modelling to improve the inlet hydraulics and performance of a storm-water clarifier.” J. Environ. Eng., Vol. 134, No. 9, pp. 722–730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hirt, C. W. (1999). “Particle-fluid coupling.” FSI-99-TN50, Flow Science, Inc., Santa Fe, NM.Google Scholar
  17. Ho, J., Marti, T., and Coonrod, J. (2010). “Flood debris filtering structure for urban storm water treatment.” J. Hydraulic Res., Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 320–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Okamoto, Y., Kunugi, M., and Tsuchiya, H. (2002). “Numerical simulation of the performance of hydrodynamic separator.” Proceeding Proc., 9th Intl. Conf. Urban Drainage, Portland, OR., pp. 10–19.Google Scholar
  19. Pathapati, S. and Sansalone, J. J. (2009). “CFD modelling of a stormwater hydrodynamic separator.” J. Environ. Eng., Vol. 135, No. 4, pp. 191–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pollert, J. and Stransky, D. (2003). “Combination of computational techniques-evaluation of SCO efficiency for suspended solids separation.” Water Science and Technology, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 157–166.Google Scholar
  21. Roesner, L. A., Pruden, A., and Kidner, E. M. (2007). Improved protocol for classification and analysis of stormwater-borne solids, IWA Publishing, London, UK.Google Scholar
  22. Stovin, V. R. and Saul, A. (1998). “A computational fluid dynamics particle tracking approach to efficiency prediction.” Water Science and Technology, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 285–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Stovin, V. R., Saul, A., Drinkwater, A., and Clifforde, I., (1999). “Field testing CFD-based predictions of storage chamber gross solids separation efficiency.” Water Science and Technology, Vol. 39, No. 9, pp. 161–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wilson, M. A., Mohseni, O., Gulliver, J. S., Raymond, M. H., and Stefan, H. G. (2009). “Assessment of hydrodynamics separators for storm-water treatment.” J. Hydraul. Eng., Vol. 135, No. 5, pp. 383–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering ProgramThe University of Texas Pan AmericanEdinburgUSA
  2. 2.Dept. of Civil EngineeringDaelim UniversityAnyangKorea

Personalised recommendations