KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 771–779 | Cite as

Construction policymaking: With an example of singaporean government’s policy to diffuse prefabrication to private sector

  • Moonseo ParkEmail author
  • Yashada Ingawale-Verma
  • Wooyoung Kim
  • Youngjib Ham


For construction policies to be effective and efficient, an integrated and systematic approach, with which the effectiveness of alternative policies can be examined in advance by anticipating the private sector’s response and subsequent changes in the industry environment is needed. As an effort to address this issue, a model-based approach is presented for construction policymaking and an example of a prefabrication policy in Singapore is given. In this study, the policy models developed using system dynamics simulate the performance of the Singapore construction industry and examine the effectiveness of alternative prefabrication policies in a qualitative and quantitative manner. Having obtained policy implications from the model structures and simulation results, policy initiatives are suggested along with discussions on the associated potential risks. Based on the research findings, we could conclude that a model-based approach is helpful in developing an effective construction policies by providing policymakers in a government or corporate with an integrated view on the policy application process and a tool to examine alternative policies in a systematic manner.


policies prefabrication simulation models Singapore 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Building and Construction Authority (BCA) (1994). Construction economic report, Government of Singapore, Singapore.Google Scholar
  2. Construction Manpower Committee (CMC) (1999). Construction 21, Ministry of Manpower and Ministry of National Development, Government of Singapore, Singapore.Google Scholar
  3. Cyert, R. and March, J. (1963). A behavioral theory of the firm, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  4. Eisenhardt, K. and Zbaracki, M. (1992). “Strategic decision making.” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 13, pp. 17–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Forrester, J. (1961). Industrial dynamics, Pegasus Communication, Waltham, MA.Google Scholar
  6. Groak, S., Bottom, D., Gann, D., and Meikle, J. (1996). Innovations in Japanese prefabricated house building industries, Construction Industry Research and Information Association.Google Scholar
  7. Ho, S. (2000). Impact of legislation of buildable designs and foreign labor policies on construction productivity, MS Thesis, Department of Building, National University of Singapore, Singapore.Google Scholar
  8. Kwak, S. (1995). Policy analysis of hanford tank farm operations with system dynamics approach, PhD Thesis, Department of Nuclear Engineering, MIT, Cambridge, MA, pp. 34–36.Google Scholar
  9. Lim, K. (1993). Prefabrication: Viability and future trends in singapore, MS Thesis, Department of Building, National University of Singapore, Singapore, p.59.Google Scholar
  10. Lyneis, J., Cooper, K., and Els, S. (2001). “Strategic management of complex projects: A case study using system dynamics.” System Dynamics Review, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 237–260.Google Scholar
  11. Moxnes, E. (2000). “Not only the tragedy of the commons: Misperceptions of feedback and policies for sustainable development.” System Dynamics Review, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 325–348.Google Scholar
  12. Ritchie-Dunham, J. and Galvan, J. (1999). “Evaluating epidemic intervention policies with systems thinking: A case study of dengue fever in Mexico.” System Dynamics Review, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 119–135.Google Scholar
  13. Royston, G. (1998). “Shifting the balance of health care into the 21st century.” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 105, pp. 267–276.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Slaughter, E. (1998). “Models of construction innovation.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Reston, VA, Vol. 124, No. 3, pp. 226–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sterman, J. (2000). Business dynamics: System thinking and modeling for a complex world, McGraw-Hill Companies, New York, NY. pp. 191–232.Google Scholar
  16. Tan, S. (2000). Architects: The key to incorporating prefabrication into the construction process, MS Thesis, Department of Building, National University of Singapore, Singapore, p.157.Google Scholar
  17. Tan, W. (1982). Prefabrication in housing: A study of fully industrialized building systems for housing and the singapore housing and development board’s attempt in this field, MS Thesis, Department of Building, National University of Singapore, Singapore, p.121.Google Scholar
  18. VTT (2000). Wellbeing through construction in Finland, VTT Building Technology, Finland, available at Internet: <, Aug. 2003.>Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moonseo Park
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yashada Ingawale-Verma
    • 2
  • Wooyoung Kim
    • 3
  • Youngjib Ham
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of ArchitectureSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Dept. of BuildingNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Construction & Economy Research Institute of KoreaSeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations