KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 983–994 | Cite as

Impact of summer rainfall on the seasonal water quality variation (chlorophyll a) in the regulated Nakdong River

  • Kwang-Seuk Jeong
  • Dong-Kyun Kim
  • Hyun-Suk Shin
  • Ju-Duk Yoon
  • Hyun-Woo Kim
  • Gea-Jae JooEmail author


In this study, the relationship between hydrological characteristics and phytoplankton biomass (chlorophyll a concentration) was explored using long-term hydrological and limnological data (1994–2007) in a flow-regulated river system (the lower Nakdong River, South Korea). This river has four multi-purpose dams and an estuarine barrage, and river flow is extensively controlled. Dynamics of chlorophyll a concentration responded well to changes in hydrology, such as rainfall, dam discharge and river flow. The hydrological characteristics strongly affected the decrease of chlorophyll a concentration in summer to winter but not in spring (p<0.05; n=42). An application of Self-Organizing Map (SOM) model to the database returned three clusters, and strong seasonality in water quality as well as hydrological characteristics was identified. Long-term rainfall data exhibited no statistical tendencies of increase or decrease, with respect to total annual rainfall. In comparison, summer rainfall increased while that of winter (December to the following February) decreased. Summer rainfall affected total dam discharges in all seasons in a positive manner (p<0.05; n=14), corresponding to winter water quality of the lower Nakdong River likely to be dependent largely upon changes in summer rainfall. Therefore, the development of an effective management strategy for summer rainfall and dam discharge control is strongly required.


rainfall phytoplankton dynamics regulated river flow control the Nakdong River self-organizing map 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kwang-Seuk Jeong
    • 1
  • Dong-Kyun Kim
    • 2
  • Hyun-Suk Shin
    • 3
  • Ju-Duk Yoon
    • 1
  • Hyun-Woo Kim
    • 4
  • Gea-Jae Joo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Dept. of Biological SciencesPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  2. 2.School of Computer Science & EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  4. 4.Dept. of Environmental EducationSunchon National UniversitySuncheonKorea

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