Chemical sensing through photonic crystal fiber: sulfuric acid detection

  • Etu Podder
  • Md. Bellal HossainEmail author
  • Rayhan Habib Jibon
  • Abdullah Al-Mamun Bulbul
  • Himadri Shekhar Mondal
Research Article


A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) for sensing of sulfuric acid is designed and analyzed using Comsol Multiphysics. To analyze the sensor performance, 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% H2SO4 solution is placed into the fiber separately and then relative sensitivity, confinement loss, birefringence, effective area etc. are investigated for each solution over wavelength ranging from 0.8 to 1.8 µm. The sensor structure affords moderately high relative sensitivity and around 63.4% sensitivity is achieved for the highest concentration of H2SO4 at the wavelength 1.5 µm in x polarization direction. This PCF model also shows zero confinement loss for all solutions of H2SO4 over wavelength ranging from 1 to 1.35 µm and later on approximately 1.422 × 10−17 dB/km confinement loss is found for the highest concentration of H2SO4 at 1.5 µm wavelength. Besides, higher birefringence is attained when the concentration of sulfuric acid is lower and it is achieved 7.5 × 10−4 at 1.5 µm wavelength. Moreover, higher sensing area is achieved at high concentration of sulfuric acid.


refractive index confinement loss birefringence relative sensitivity 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Etu Podder
    • 1
  • Md. Bellal Hossain
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rayhan Habib Jibon
    • 1
  • Abdullah Al-Mamun Bulbul
    • 1
    • 2
  • Himadri Shekhar Mondal
    • 1
  1. 1.Electronics and Communication Engineering DisciplineKhulna UniversityKhulnaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (ETE)Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology UniversityGopalganjBangladesh

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