Frontiers of Optoelectronics

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 394–399 | Cite as

Influence of cerium ions on thermal bleaching of photo-darkened ytterbium-doped fibers

  • Xiaoxia Liu
  • Chaoping Liu
  • Gui Chen
  • Haiqing LiEmail author
Research Article


We studied the influence of cerium (Ce) ions on photo-darkening (PD) behavior in ytterbium/aluminum (Yb/Al) co-doped silica fibers at room and elevated temperatures. Low levels of PD was observed for Ce codoped Yb/Al fiber. And the Yb/Al co-doped fiber was completely bleached at ∼600°C. The addition of Ce ions as co-dopant can significantly lower the initial recovery and complete bleaching temperatures. The complete recovery temperature is ∼450°C and ∼400°C for Yb/Al/Ce low fiber and Yb/Al/Ce high fiber respectively. More importantly, Ce co-doping in Yb/Al fiber also decreases the heat-induced loss.


photo-darkening (PD) ytterbium/aluminum (Yb/Al) fiber cerium (Ce) ions thermal bleaching 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61735007), and The Youth Fund of Wuhan Donghu University (No. 2017dhzk009).


  1. 1.
    Richardson D J, Nilsson J, Clarkson W A. High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Optical Physics, 2010, 27(11): B63Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Paschotta R, Nilsson J, Barber P R, Caplen J E, Tropper A C, Hanna D C. Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres. Optics Communications, 1997, 136(5–6): 375–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yoo S, Basu C, Boyland A J, Sones C, Nilsson J, Sahu J K, Payne D. Photodarkening in Yb-doped aluminosilicate fibers induced by 488 nm irradiation. Optics Letters, 2007, 32(12): 1626–1628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Engholm M, Norin L, Åberg D. Strong UV absorption and visible luminescence in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass under UV excitation. Optics Letters, 2007, 32(22): 3352–3354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Peretti R, Jurdyc A M, Jacquier B, Gonnet C, Pastouret A, Burov E, Cavani O. How do traces of thulium can explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers? Optics Express, 2010, 18: 20455–20460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Manek-Hönninger I, Boullet J, Cardinal T, Guillen F, Ermeneux S, Podgorski M, Bello Doua R, Salin F. Photodarkening and photobleaching of an ytterbium-doped silica double-clad LMA fiber. Optics Express, 2007, 15(4): 1606–1611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Piccoli R, Gebavi H, Lablonde L, Cadier B, Robin T, Monteville A, Goffic O L, Landais D, Méchin D, Milanese D, Brand T, Taccheo S. Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 2014, 26(1): 50–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guzman Chávez A D, Kir’yanov A V, Barmenkov Y O, Il’ichev N N. Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation. Laser Physics Letters, 2007, 4(10): 734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Piccoli R, Robin T, Brand T, Klotzbach U, Taccheo S. Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection. Optics Express, 2014, 22(7): 7638–7643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gebavi H, Taccheo S, Tregoat D, Monteville A, Robin T. Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation. Optical Materials Express, 2012, 2(9): 1286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhao N, Xing Y B, Li J M, Liao L, Wang Y B, Peng J G, Yang L Y, Dai N L, Li H Q, Li J Y. 793 nm pump induced photo-bleaching of photo-darkened Yb3+-doped fibers. Optics Express, 2015, 23(19): 25272–25278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jasapara J, Andrejco M, DiGiovanni D, Windeler R. Effect of heat and H2gas on the photo-darkening of Yb3+ fibers. In: Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies. Long Beach, CA, USA: IEEE, 2006, CTuQ5Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Leich M, Jetschke S, Unger S, Kirchhof J. Temperature influence on the photodarkening kinetics in Yb-doped silica fibers. Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical Physics, 2011, 28(1): 65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Leich M, Röpke U, Jetschke S, Unger S, Reichel V, Kirchhof J. Non-isothermal bleaching of photodarkened Yb-doped fibers. Optics Express, 2009, 17(15): 12588–12593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Engholm M, Jelger P, Laurell F, Norin L. Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping. Optics Letters, 2009, 34(8): 1285–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sakaguchi Y, Fujimoto Y, Masuda M, Miyanaga N, Nakano H. Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2016, 440: 85–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhao N, Wang Y B, Li J M, Liu C P, Peng J G, Li H q, Dai N L, Yang L Y, Li J Y. Investigation of cerium influence on photodarkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers. Applied Physics A, 2016, 122(2): 75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Koponen J, Laurila M, Söderlund M, Ponsoda J J M I, Iho A. Benchmarking and measuring photodarkening in Yb doped fibers. In: Proceedings of SPIE 7195, Fiber Lasers VI: Technology, Systems, and Applications. San Jose, California, USA: SPIE, 2009, 71950RGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chen G, Xie L, Wang Y B, Zhao N, Li H Q, Jiang Z W, Peng J G, Yang L Y, Dai N L, Li J Y. Photodarkening-induced absorption and fluorescence changes in Yb fibers. Chinese Physics Letters, 2013, 30 (10): 104208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cicconi M R, Neuville D R, Blanc W, Lupi J F, Vermillac M, de Ligny D. Cerium/aluminum correlation in aluminosilicate glasses and optical silica fiber preforms. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2017, 475: 85–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lupi J F, Vermillac M, Blanc W, Mady F, Benabdesselam M, Dussardier B, Neuville D R. Steady photodarkening of thulium alumino-silicate fibers pumped at 1.07 μm: quantitative effect of lanthanum, cerium, and thulium. Optics Express, 2017, 41(12): 2771Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jetschke S, Unger S, Röpke U, Kirchhof J. Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power. Optics Express, 2007, 15(22): 14838–14843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Peng X, Dong L. Temperature dependence of ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Optical Physics, 2008, 25(1): 126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Söderlund M J, Montiel i Ponsoda J J, Koplow J P, Honkanen S. Heat-induced darkening and spectral broadening in photodarkened ytterbium-doped fiber under thermal cycling. Optics Express, 2009, 17(12): 9940–9946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sylvia J, Sonja U, Anka S, Martin L, Matthias J. Role of Ce in Yb/Al laser fibers: prevention of photodarkening and thermal effects. Optics Express, 2016, 24(12): 13009CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoxia Liu
    • 1
  • Chaoping Liu
    • 2
  • Gui Chen
    • 2
  • Haiqing Li
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life Science and ChemistryWuhan Donghu UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Wuhan National Laboratory for OptoelectronicsHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations