Brief introduction to optical microfibers and nanofibers
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- Tong, L. Front. Optoelectron. China (2010) 3: 54. doi:10.1007/s12200-009-0073-1
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When its diameter goes close to or below the wavelength of the guided light, an optical microfiber/nanofiber (MNF) exhibits favorable properties such as tight optical confinement, strong near-field interaction, and excellent mechanical strength, which offers plenty of choices for combining a variety of functionalized materials ranging from semiconductors and metals to laser dyes; opens up plenty of opportunities for developing microphotonic or nanophotonic devices; and inspires new opportunities for near-field optics, nonlinear optics, and quantum optics.