Influence of magnesium chloride on the dose–response of polyacrylamide-type gel dosimeters
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We investigated the effect of magnesium chloride (MgCl2) on the nuclear magnetic resonance dose–response of polyacrylamide-type (PAGAT, NIPAM, and VIPET) gel dosimeters containing acrylamide, N-isopropylacrylamide, and N-vinylpyrrolidone as a monomer, respectively. The dose-transverse relaxation rates (1/T2 = R2) obtained from magnetic resonance imaging data revealed that a substantial increase in the dose–R2 response occurred as the concentration of MgCl2 in the gel dosimeters increased. The sensitivity of the PAGAT gel with 1.0 M MgCl2 was found to be approximately one order higher than that of the same gel without MgCl2. In addition, the water equivalences of the gels with MgCl2 were evaluated over a wide range of photon energies. The results indicated that MgCl2 acts as a powerful sensitizer to radiation-induced free-radical polymerization in polyacrylamide-type gel dosimeters, but does not interfere with the desirable properties of basic polyacrylamide-type gel dosimeters (i.e., the dose rate and dose integration).
KeywordsPolymer gel dosimeter PAGAT NIPAM VIPET Magnesium chloride Radiotherapy
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies performed with human or animal participants.
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