Characterization of an inducible HSP70 gene in Chilo suppressalis and expression in response to environmental and biological stress
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The highly conserved heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) contributes to survival at a cellular level and greatly enhances stress tolerance in many organisms. In this study, we isolate and characterize Cshsp702, which encodes an inducible form of HSP70 in the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis. Cshsp702 does not contain introns; the translational product is comprised of 629 amino acids with an isoelectric point of 5.69. Real-time quantitative PCR revealed that Cshsp702 was expressed at maximal levels in hemocytes and was minimally expressed in the midgut. Expression of Cshsp702 in response to a range of temperatures (−11 to 43 °C) indicated significant induction by extreme cold and hot temperatures, with maximum expression after 2 h at 42 °C. The induction of Cshsp702 in response to the endoparasite Cotesia chilonis was also studied; interestingly, Cshsp702 expression in C. suppressalis was significantly induced at 24 h and 5 days, which correspond to predicted times of C. chilonis feeding and growth, respectively. The potential induction of Cshsp702 as an inflammatory response due to parasitic stress is discussed. In conclusion, Cshsp702 is induced in response to both environmental and biotic stress and plays an important role in the physiological adaptation of C. suppressalis.
KeywordsHSP70 Chilo suppressalis Cotesia chilonis Tissues Thermal stress Biological stress
This research was funded by the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0200400) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31401733). We sincerely thank Dr. Carol L. Bender for editing and providing comments on the manuscript. We express our deep gratitude to the Testing Center of Yangzhou University.
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