Cell Stress and Chaperones

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 423–430 | Cite as

Stress response in tardigrades: differential gene expression of molecular chaperones

  • Andy Reuner
  • Steffen Hengherr
  • Brahim Mali
  • Frank Förster
  • Detlev Arndt
  • Richard Reinhardt
  • Thomas Dandekar
  • Marcus Frohme
  • Franz Brümmer
  • Ralph O. SchillEmail author
Original Paper


Semi-terrestrial tardigrades exhibit a remarkable tolerance to desiccation by entering a state called anhydrobiosis. In this state, they show a strong resistance against several kinds of physical extremes. Because of the probable importance of stress proteins during the phases of dehydration and rehydration, the relative abundance of transcripts coding for two α-crystallin heat-shock proteins (Mt-sHsp17.2 and Mt-sHsp19.5), as well for the heat-shock proteins Mt-sHsp10, Mt-Hsp60, Mt-Hsp70 and Mt-Hsp90, were analysed in active and anhydrobiotic tardigrades of the species Milnesium tardigradum. They were also analysed in the transitional stage (I) of dehydration, the transitional stage (II) of rehydration and in heat-shocked specimens. A variable pattern of expression was detected, with most candidates being downregulated. Gene transcripts of one Mt-hsp70 isoform in the transitional stage I and Mt-hsp90 in the anhydrobiotic stage were significantly upregulated. A high gene expression (778.6-fold) was found for the small α-crystallin heat-shock protein gene Mt-sHsp17.2 after heat shock. We discuss the limited role of the stress-gene expression in the transitional stages between the active and anhydrobiotic tardigrades and other mechanisms which allow tardigrades to survive desiccation.


Alpha-crystallin protein Anhydrobiosis Cryptobiosis Heat-shock protein Tardigrada Milnesium tardigradum 



The authors wish to thank Eva Roth for maintaining the tardigrade culture. This study is part of the project FUNCRYPTA (0313838A, 0313838B and 0313838E), funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, BMBF.


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Copyright information

© Cell Stress Society International 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andy Reuner
    • 1
  • Steffen Hengherr
    • 1
  • Brahim Mali
    • 2
  • Frank Förster
    • 3
  • Detlev Arndt
    • 4
  • Richard Reinhardt
    • 5
  • Thomas Dandekar
    • 3
  • Marcus Frohme
    • 2
  • Franz Brümmer
    • 1
  • Ralph O. Schill
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Zoology, Biological InstituteUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Molecular Biology and Functional GenomicsUniversity of Applied Sciences WildauWildauGermany
  3. 3.Department of Bioinformatics, Biocenter, Am HublandUniversity of WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  4. 4.Developmental Biology UnitEuropean Molecular Biology LaboratoryHeidelbergGermany
  5. 5.MPI for Molecular GeneticsBerlin-DahlemGermany

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