RDJ2 (DNAJA2) chaperones neural G protein signaling pathways
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A number of structurally divergent proteins with J domains, called J proteins, interact with and activate the ATPase of Hsp70s, thereby harnessing the ATPase activity for conformational work on target proteins. The precise role of most mammalian J proteins remains undefined. In this paper, we demonstrate that transient expression of the J protein, Rdj2, in HEK 293 cells increased cellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels in the presence of the β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. In CNS-derived catecholaminergic neuronal cell line (CAD) neuroblastoma cells, expression of Rdj2 increased isoproterenol-stimulated phosphorylation of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB). Moreover, we have characterized the binding properties of Rdj2 and observed a direct interaction between Rdj2 and receptor-coupled trimeric GTP-binding proteins (G proteins). We further show that the composition of the Rdj2-chaperone complex and the cysteine string protein (CSPα)-chaperone complex, another J protein, is distinct. Our data demonstrate that Rdj2 modulates G protein signaling and further suggest that chaperoning G proteins is an emerging theme of the J protein network.
KeywordsRdj2 J protein CSPα Cysteine string protein G protein
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