Healthy Children’s Knowledge and Perception on Cancer
- 4 Downloads
To determine healthy children’s knowledge and perception about cancer. This qualitative phenomenological study was conducted at a primary and at a high school (n = 20). The research data were collected through interviews and observations using the “Child Information Form” and the “Interview Form”. The mean age of the children was 13.55 ± 2.11 years. The themes were designated as follows: Information, Emotions, Awareness and Solutions. It was observed that the vast majority of the healthy children participating in this study have a detailed, scientific, realistic knowledge of the disease. The children’s inner circle was their most important source of information about cancer. The children demonstrated a high awareness of cancer, using expressions like psychological robustness and post-traumatic growth. They proposed innovative and promising new solutions for cancer prevention and treatment.
KeywordsCancer Knowledge Perception School child Adolescent
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
- Başkale, H. (2016). Nitel araştırmalarda geçerlik, güvenirlik ve örneklem büyüklüğünün belirlenmesi. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Elektronik Dergisi, 9(1), 23–28. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from http://www.deuhyoedergi.org/index.php/DEUHYOED/article/view/207/221. Accessed 25 July 2019.
- Bradbury, A. R., Patrick-Miller, L., Egleston, B. L., Schwartz, L. A., Sands, C. B., Shorter, R., et al. (2012). Knowledge and perceptions of familial and genetic risks for breast cancer risk in adolescent girls. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 136(3), 749–757. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-012-2254-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Braun, V., Clarke, V. (2019). Psikolojide tematik analizin kullanımı. S. N. Şad, N. Özer ve A. Atli(Translater). Eğitimde Nitel Araştırmalar Dergisi – Journal of Qualitative Research in Education, 7(2), 873–898. doi: https://doi.org/10.14689/issn.2148-2624.1.7c.2s.17m.
- Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (2009). The practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence, 371–394. ISBN: 978–1–4160-5468-9.Google Scholar
- Chin, D. G., Schonfeld, D. J., O'hare, L. L., Mayne, S. T., Salovey, P., Showalter, D. R., et al. (1998). Elementary school-age children's developmental understanding of the causes of cancer. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP, 19(6), 397–403. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from https://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=9866086. Accessed 25 July 2019.
- Creswell, J. W. (2014). Qualitative Procedures. In Research Design Qualitative Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches, Forth edition,Sage Publication, USA. 179–197. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/73b7/18e508fa943dfb22a9cb5fb17f888239ad0e.pdf. Accessed 25 July 2019.
- Creswell, J. W. (2016). 30 essential skills for the qualitative researcher, First Edition. Sage Publication, USA.Google Scholar
- Özcan, H. (translator) (2017). Nitel Araştırmacılar için 30 temel beceri. Anı yayıcılık, Ankara, Türkiye, 176–183. ISBN: 978–605–170-185-1.Google Scholar
- Creswell, J. W., Clark, V. L. P. (2016). Designing And Conducting Mixed Methods Research. New York: Sage. ISBN-13: 978–1412975179.Google Scholar
- Cropley, A. J. (2019, 2nd updated, revised, and enlarged edition). Qualitative research methods: A practice-oriented introduction for students of psychology and education. Riga, Latvia: Zinātne. doi: https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3095.6888).
- Denois, V. R., Bourmaud, A., Nekaa, M., Bezzaz, C., Bousser, V., Kalecinski, J., et al. (2018). The impact of social inequalities on children’s knowledge and representation of health and cancer. European Journal of Pediatrics, 177, 1219–1230. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3173-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Duman, N. S. (2014a). Çocuklarda Kanser, Ölüm Kavramı ve Yas. Acta Oncologica Turcica, 47(2), 26–30. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from https://dergipark.org.tr/download/article-file/147327. Accessed 25 July 2019.
- Hockenberry, M. J., Wilson, D. W. (2015). Wong’s Nursing Care of Infants and Children. 10th Edition. USA. Elsevier Mosby, 572–658. ISBN 978–0–323-22241-9.Google Scholar
- Knighting, K., Rowa-Dewar, N., Malcolm, C., Kearney, N., Gibson, F. (2010). Children's understanding of cancer and views on health related behaviour: a ‘draw and write’study. Child: Care, health and development, 37(2), 289–299. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01138.x. Accessed 25 July 2019.
- Marshall, C., Rossman, G. B. (2010). Designing Qualitative Research. New York: Sage. ISBN-10: 141297044X.Google Scholar
- Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Fransisko: Jossey-Bass. ISBN-13: 978–0470283547.Google Scholar
- Özçetin, Y. S. Ü., Hiçdurmaz, D. (2017). Kanser Deneyiminde Travma Sonrası Büyüme ve Psikolojik Sağlamlık. Current Approaches in Psychiatry/Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar, 9(4), 388–397. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from https://dergipark.org.tr/download/article-file/300058.
- Seggie, F. N., Bayyurt, Y. (2017). Nitel Araştırma Yöntem, Teknik, Analiz ve Yaklaşımları. Anı Yayıncılık, 2. Baskı, Ankara, 70. ISBN: 97605–170–028-1.Google Scholar
- Sidhu, R., Passmore, A., Baker, D. (2006). The effectiveness of a peer support camp for siblings of children with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer, 47, 580–588. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/pbc.20653. Accessed 25 July 2019.
- Streubert, H. J., Carpenter, D. R. (2011). Qualitative research in nursing. (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams ve Wilkins. ISBN-10: 0781796008.Google Scholar
- Suppa, M., Cazzaniga, S., Fargnoli, M. C., Naldi, L., & Peris, K. (2013). Knowledge, perceptions and behaviours about skin cancer and sun protection among secondary school students from Central Italy. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 27(5), 571–579. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04484.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Turkey Ministry of Health Public Health Institution (2017). Cancer Statistics of Turkey. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/depo/birimler/kanser-db/istatistik/2014-RAPOR._uzuuun.pdf
- Thastum, M., Johansen, M. B., Gubba, L., Olesen, L. B., & Romer, G. (2008). Coping, social relations, and communication: A qualitative exploratory study of children of parents with cancer. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 13(1), 123–138. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359104507086345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- World Health Organization (2009). Global Health Risks. Retrieved July 25, 2019 from http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GlobalHealthRisks_report_full.pdf. Accessed 25 July 2019.
- Yıldırım, A., Şimşek, H. (2016). Sosyal bilimlerde Nitel araştırma yöntemleri. 10. Baskı. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık. ISBN: 9781111148461.Google Scholar