Child Indicators Research

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 213–234 | Cite as

Inequality of Opportunities among Tunisian Children over Time and Space

  • Hatem JemmaliEmail author


This paper attempts to provide additional light on the structure and dynamics of inequality of opportunity among Tunisian children during the period 2005–2010. The main steps involved in the analysis comprise: estimation of the Human Opportunity Index, assessment of the relative contributions of circumstances, and decomposition of variations in inequality of opportunity in factors driving them across time and space. The results reveal reasonable and declining levels of inequality in access to some basic services at the national level, but increasing inequalities between regions with inland area lagging the rest of the country. The number of siblings, parents’ education and wealth and location of residence are key factors causing such disparities. Without more inclusive and pro-poor policy actions, there are few chances for children belonging to the less advantaged circumstance groups to spring out of the poverty and inequality lived by their parents.


Child development Housing services Education Inequality of opportunity Tunisia 

JEL Classification

D63 D31 O18 O55 

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (DTA 27489 kb)
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ESM 2 (DTA 24621 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Research on Quantitative Development Economics (LAREQUAD)University of Tunis El-ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Higher Institute of Accounting and Business AdministrationUniversity of ManoubaManoubaTunisia

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