Child Indicators Research

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 797–809 | Cite as

Validation of the Factorial Structure of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure for Use with Iranian Youth

  • Behnaz Kazerooni Zand
  • Linda LiebenbergEmail author
  • Zohreh Sepehri Shamloo


Given the social challenges facing Iranian youth, the need to understand ways of amplifying resilience resource available to them is increasingly necessary. Such investigation necessitates a valid and reliable measure of resilience resources for use in the Iranian context. In this article, we examine the factorial structure of the 28-item version of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure” (CYRM-28) for Iranian youth and assess the resilience resources of males and females, as well as by age groups (12–18). The CYRM was administered to two groups of Iranian students (n 1 = 351 and n 2 = 352; aged 12–19 years; Mashhad, 2012–13) to conduct an exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis on the respective data sets. A MANOVA was conducted to explore group differences. Results of the exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis confirm a reduced 11-item version of this questionnaire, supporting the validity and reliability of a self-report Iranian version of the CYRM, with a three factor structure of resilience measuring Peer resources, Caregiver resources and Religious and cultural components of resilience.


CYRM-28 Factorial analysis Factorial structure Resilience Iranian youth 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical PsychologyIslamic Azad UniversitySariIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Graduate StudiesDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  3. 3.Psychology DepartmentMashhad Ferdowsi UniversityMashhadIran

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