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Child Indicators Research

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 187–203 | Cite as

Estimating the Prevalence Rate of Child Physical and Psychological Maltreatment in South Korea

  • Jaejin Ahn
  • Bong Joo Lee
  • Sang Kyoung Kahng
  • Hye Lan Kim
  • Ock Kyeung Hwang
  • Eun Ju Lee
  • Hea Reong Shin
  • Min Sang Yoo
  • Soo Youn Lee
  • Youngcho Cho
  • Young Sun Yoo
  • You Jung Kwak
  • Young Mi Shin
  • Ji Young Lim
  • Yun Jung Cho
  • Soo Young Park
  • Joan P. Yoo
Article

Abstract

In Korea, an amendment to the Child Welfare Act was made in 2008 that required a national study estimating the occurrence rate of child abuse and neglect every 5 years. The present study reports the major findings of the first national study conducted after the 2008 amendment. The aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence of child physical and psychological maltreatment (CPPM) in Korea and to explore the basic characteristics associated with such incidents. Household surveys were administered to caregivers and focal children who were school age and older. We estimated the prevalence of CPPM using the Parent–child Conflict Tactic Scale, which was developed by Straus et al. (1998). The occurrence rate of CPPM was 25.3 % in Korea, with instances differing by household income, poverty status, and size of the region. Children who experienced physical and psychological maltreatment were more likely to witness the abuse of their siblings and domestic violence. The implications of the findings are discussed and recommendations made for further research.

Keywords

Prevalence rate Child physical and psychological maltreatment South Korea Survey methodology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare. We thank the editors and the reviewers for their insightful comments on the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaejin Ahn
    • 1
  • Bong Joo Lee
    • 2
  • Sang Kyoung Kahng
    • 2
  • Hye Lan Kim
    • 2
  • Ock Kyeung Hwang
    • 3
  • Eun Ju Lee
    • 4
  • Hea Reong Shin
    • 5
  • Min Sang Yoo
    • 2
  • Soo Youn Lee
    • 2
  • Youngcho Cho
    • 2
  • Young Sun Yoo
    • 2
  • You Jung Kwak
    • 6
  • Young Mi Shin
    • 7
  • Ji Young Lim
    • 8
  • Yun Jung Cho
    • 9
  • Soo Young Park
    • 4
  • Joan P. Yoo
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social WelfareGachon UniversitySeongnam-siSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Social WelfareSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Child Care and EducationSeoul Theological UniversityBucheon-CitySouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Social WelfareDongguk UniversityGyeong JuSouth Korea
  5. 5.Child Welfare Society of KoreaYongsan-guSouth Korea
  6. 6.Child Support Center for Independence LivingKorea Human Resource Development Institute for Health & WelfareYongsan-guSouth Korea
  7. 7.College of Human Ecology Child Development Family StudiesSeoul National UniversityGwanak-guSouth Korea
  8. 8.Korea Childcare Promotion InstituteYongsan-guSouth Korea
  9. 9.Department of Social WelfareChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuSouth Korea

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