Child Indicators Research

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 985–1002 | Cite as

Adaptation and Validation of the Children’s Anger Response Checklist for Grades 4–6 Lebanese Students

  • Karma El Hassan
  • Nadine Adhami


This study adapted and validated the Children’s Anger Response Checklist (CARC) to the Lebanese context. Adapted version was reviewed by experts, piloted, revised, and then administered to a sample of four hundred four (n = 404) students from seven schools. Scale reliability was assessed in terms of the test- retest reliability and internal consistency of the test. Construct validity was assessed in terms of the test’s subscale concurrent/convergent validity with the related Multi-Dimensional School Anger Inventory (M-SAI) subscales; subscale divergent validity and the M-SAI subscales that measure different structures of anger. Finally the factorial structure of the adapted CARC was explored by using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). Results revealed good reliability coefficients, and significant but low to moderate convergent and divergent validities with the M-SAI. Factor analysis revealed that A-CARC subscales loaded to 3 factors that reflected the maladaptive-aggressive, maladaptive-passive, and adaptive-assertive manifestations of anger. Implications of the findings for research and practice are discussed, and recommendations for future studies are presented.


Adaptation Validation Anger Reliability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Office of Institutional Research & Assessment (OIRA)American University of BeirutBeirutLebanon

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