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Child Indicators Research

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 515–528 | Cite as

The Perceived Parental Support (PPS) Scale: Validity and Reliability in the 2006 Youth in Europe Substance Use Prevention Survey

  • Alfgeir L. Kristjansson
  • Inga D. Sigfusdottir
  • Thorlakur Karlsson
  • John P. Allegrante
Article

Abstract

Parental support has been shown to reduce mental distress among adolescents; however, it is not known whether perceived parental support is a valid and reliable construct across culture. Using data from 23,605 14- to 15-year-olds across eight European cities we assessed the validity and reliability of the Perceived Parental Support (PPS) Scale. The distributional properties of the scale show a consistent pattern throughout the participating cities and Cronbach’s Alpha varies from.77 to.87. Fit statistics for the factor structure of the PPS were analyzed in three models using confirmatory factor analysis with AMOS 5 implementation of structural equation modeling. All models show an adequate fit to the data with the third and final model revealing a close to perfect fit with a comparative fit index of.988 and a root mean square error of approximation of.030. We also compared the PPS Scale with the SCL-90 subscale on depressed mood and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Correlations between the PPS and depressed mood (range −.24 to −.33) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (range.25 to.38) were reasonably consistent across the cities. More research on the PPS scale, including measurement invariance analyses between genders and across cultures, is recommended.

Keywords

Scale development Social support Parental support Cross-cultural comparison 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported, in part, by grants from the Icelandic Alcohol and Drug Prevention Committee, the Icelandic Red Cross, the City of Reykjavik, and the Sports and Recreational Committee of Reykjavik to the Icelandic Centre for Social Research and Analysis, and by the Iceland/U.S. Fulbright Commission.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfgeir L. Kristjansson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Inga D. Sigfusdottir
    • 1
    • 2
  • Thorlakur Karlsson
    • 1
  • John P. Allegrante
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Icelandic Centre for Social Research and Analysis, School of Health and EducationReykjavik UniversityReykjavíkIceland
  2. 2.Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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