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Vitamin B6 deficiency is prevalent in primary and secondary myelofibrosis patients

  • Hajime YasudaEmail author
  • Miyuki Tsutsui
  • Jun Ando
  • Tadaaki Inano
  • Masaaki Noguchi
  • Yuriko Yahata
  • Masaru Tanaka
  • Yutaka Tsukune
  • Azuchi Masuda
  • Shuichi Shirane
  • Kyohei Misawa
  • Akihiko Gotoh
  • Eriko Sato
  • Nanae Aritaka
  • Yasunobu Sekiguchi
  • Keiji Sugimoto
  • Norio Komatsu
Original Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

Vitamin B6 (VB6) deficiency contributes to oncogenesis and tumor progression in certain cancers, and is prevalent in cancer patients in general. VB6 is also an essential element of heme synthesis, and deficiency can lead to anemia. Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and secondary myelofibrosis (sMF) are myeloproliferative neoplasms often presenting with anemia along with other cytopenias. We performed a prospective study to determine whether PMF and sMF patients suffer from VB6 deficiency, and whether VB6-deficient patients show improvement of anemias with VB6 supplementation. Twelve PMF patients and 11 sMF patients were analyzed. A total of 16 of 23 patients (69.6%) were found to have VB6 deficiency, but VB6 supplementation with pyridoxal phosphate hydrate did not elevate hemoglobin levels in deficient patients. None of the patients presented with vitamin B12, iron, or copper deficiencies. Four patients showed serum folate levels below the lower limit of normal and eight patients showed serum zinc levels below the lower limit of normal; however, these deficiencies were marginal and unlikely to contribute to anemia. Compared to VB6-sufficient patients, VB6-deficient patients showed significantly lower serum folate levels and higher serum copper levels. Studies elucidating the relationship of VB6 deficiency and etiology of PMF/sMF are warranted.

Keywords

Vitamin B6 deficiency Myelofibrosis Cancer Oncogenesis Anemia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Kyoko Kubo, Keiko Terao, Kazuko Kawamura, and Megumi Hasegawa for their superb secretarial assistance.

Compliance with ethical standard

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. A summary of relevant information will be published with the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Hematology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hajime Yasuda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miyuki Tsutsui
    • 1
  • Jun Ando
    • 1
  • Tadaaki Inano
    • 1
  • Masaaki Noguchi
    • 2
  • Yuriko Yahata
    • 3
  • Masaru Tanaka
    • 1
  • Yutaka Tsukune
    • 1
  • Azuchi Masuda
    • 1
  • Shuichi Shirane
    • 1
  • Kyohei Misawa
    • 1
  • Akihiko Gotoh
    • 1
  • Eriko Sato
    • 3
  • Nanae Aritaka
    • 3
  • Yasunobu Sekiguchi
    • 2
  • Keiji Sugimoto
    • 2
  • Norio Komatsu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HematologyJuntendo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of HematologyJuntendo University Urayasu HospitalChibaJapan
  3. 3.Division of Hematology, Department of MedicineJuntendo University Nerima HospitalTokyoJapan

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