International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 109, Issue 2, pp 175–186 | Cite as

Risk factors and timing of autologous stem cell transplantation for patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma

  • Satoshi YamasakiEmail author
  • Dai Chihara
  • Sung-Won Kim
  • Takahito Kawata
  • Shuichi Mizuta
  • Hiroatsu Ago
  • Takaaki Chou
  • Takahisa Yamane
  • Hitoji Uchiyama
  • Tatsuo Oyake
  • Katsuhiro Miura
  • Bungo Saito
  • Hirofumi Taji
  • Hirohisa Nakamae
  • Toshihiro Miyamoto
  • Takahiro Fukuda
  • Junya Kanda
  • Yoshiko Atsuta
  • Ritsuro Suzuki
Original Article


High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HDC-ASCT) is an option for patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL); however, neither prospective nor retrospective studies support proceeding with ASCT upfront, and the timing of HDC-ASCT remains controversial. We retrospectively analyzed the risk factors for outcomes of 570 patients with PTCL, including PTCL not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), who received ASCT for frontline consolidation (n = 98 and 75, respectively) or alternative therapies after either relapse (n = 112 and 75) or primary induction failure (PIF; n = 127 and 83) between 2000 and 2015. Significant risk factors for overall survival (OS) after upfront ASCT were a ≥ 2 prognostic index for T-cell lymphoma (P < 0.001) and partial response (PR) at ASCT (P = 0.041) in PTCL-NOS patients, and > 60 years of age (P = 0.0028) and PR at ASCT (P = 0.0013) in AITL patients. Performance status of ≥ 2 at ASCT (P < 0.001), receiving ≥ 3 regimens before ASCT (P = 0.018), and PR at ASCT (P = 0.018) in PTCL-NOS patients and > 60 years of age at ASCT (P = 0.0077) in AITL patients were risk factors for OS after ASCT with a chemosensitive PIF status. Strategies that carefully select PTCL patients may allow identification of individuals suitable for ASCT.


Autologous stem cell transplantation Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma 



We thank the patients and clinical staff for their participation in the study. We are very grateful to the Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for data management and the Clinical Research Institute of Kyushu Medical Hospital, Dr. Hiromi Iwasaki (Kyushu medical center), and Dr. Junji Suzumiya (Shimane University Hospital) for helpful discussions and their editorial support. We also thank Mitchell Arico from Edanz Group ( for editing a draft of this manuscript. This work was supported by the Practical Research Project for Allergic Diseases and Immunology (Research Technology of Medical Transplantation) of the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED).


There are no funding/financial sources.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have nothing to disclose.

Supplementary material

12185_2018_2560_MOESM1_ESM.docx (32 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 32 KB)
12185_2018_2560_MOESM2_ESM.pptx (197 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PPTX 197 KB)


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Hematology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satoshi Yamasaki
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dai Chihara
    • 2
  • Sung-Won Kim
    • 3
  • Takahito Kawata
    • 4
  • Shuichi Mizuta
    • 5
  • Hiroatsu Ago
    • 6
  • Takaaki Chou
    • 7
  • Takahisa Yamane
    • 8
  • Hitoji Uchiyama
    • 9
  • Tatsuo Oyake
    • 10
  • Katsuhiro Miura
    • 11
  • Bungo Saito
    • 12
  • Hirofumi Taji
    • 13
  • Hirohisa Nakamae
    • 14
  • Toshihiro Miyamoto
    • 15
  • Takahiro Fukuda
    • 3
  • Junya Kanda
    • 4
  • Yoshiko Atsuta
    • 16
  • Ritsuro Suzuki
    • 17
  1. 1.Department of Hematology and Clinical Research InstituteNational Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical CenterFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Medical Oncology Service, Center for Cancer ResearchNational Cancer Institute, National Institute of HealthBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Division of Hematopoietic Stem Cell TransplantationNational Cancer Center HospitalTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of MedicineKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  5. 5.Department of Hematology and ImmunologyKanazawa Medical UniversityIshikawaJapan
  6. 6.Department of Hematology and OncologyShimane Prefectural Central HospitalIzumoJapan
  7. 7.Department of Hematology and OncologyNiigata Cancer Center HospitalNiigataJapan
  8. 8.Department of HematologyOsaka City General HospitalOsakaJapan
  9. 9.Department of HematologyJapanese Red Cross Kyoto Daiichi HospitalKyotoJapan
  10. 10.Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal MedicineIwate Medical UniversityMoriokaJapan
  11. 11.Department of Hematology and Rheumatology, Center of Hematoloietic Cell Transplantation and Cell TherapyNihon University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  12. 12.Division of Hematology, Department of MedicineShowa University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  13. 13.Department of Hematology and Cell TherapyAichi Cancer Center HospitalNagoyaJapan
  14. 14.Department of HematologyOsaka City University HospitalOsakaJapan
  15. 15.Hematology, Oncology and Cardiovascular MedicineKyushu University HospitalFukuokaJapan
  16. 16.Department of Healthcare AdministrationNagoya University Graduate School of Medicine and Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell TransplantationNagoyaJapan
  17. 17.Department of Oncology and HematologyShimane University HospitalIzumoJapan

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