KIF20A, highly expressed in immature hematopoietic cells, supports the growth of HL60 cell line
A microtubule-associated motor protein, kinesin-like family member 20A (KIF20A; also called MKlp2) is required for cytokinesis and contributes to intracellular vesicular trafficking. KIF20A plays a critical role in the development of several cancers, but its role in blood cells and hematological malignancies have not been studied. In the present study, we focused on the role of KIF20A in hematopoietic cells and possible involvement in myeloid neoplasms. We found that human leukemia cell lines and normal bone marrow CD34-positive cells stimulated by growth factors, but not mature peripheral blood cells, exhibit high KIF20A expression. We further found that HL60 cells, which originally express a large amount of KIF20A, showed decreased KIF20A expression in parallel with both neutrophil-like and macrophage-like differentiation-induction. KIF20A-knockdown using a lentivirus shRNA transfection system led to partial cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and frequent appearance of multinucleated cells. Treatment with a KIF20A-selective inhibitor, paprotrain enhanced the multinuclearity of KIF20A-knockdown cell clones and suppressed growth. The present study contributes to our understanding of the role of KIF20A in blood cells and leukemia cells in particular.
KeywordsKinesin-like family member Hematopoietic organ Cell cycle arrest Multinuclearity Cell differentiation
This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and in part by a Kawasaki Medical School project grant.
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Conflict of interest
All authors have no conflict of interest to declare.
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